Time Period Of Contagiousness
Bronchitis is most contagious in the first few days after the patient manifests notable symptoms. Considering the fact that viral infection is responsible for 90 percent of this acute respiratory disease, administering antibiotics is not always necessary. In other words, antibacterial therapy for bronchitis is applicable for only 5 10% patients. Also, antibiotics are recommended, if the person with acute bronchitis symptoms is suspected to have a secondary bacterial infection.
People having acute viral bronchitis recover after a few days, though dry cough may persist for a week or so. In general, patients diagnosed with acute bronchitis are given antibiotic treatment, if they remain symptomatic even after 10 14 days. Another identifiable sign of bacterial infection is productive cough with yellowish mucus. In addition to this, a sudden bout of acute bronchitis is not unusual in people having chronic bronchitis. For such a case, antibiotic medications are prescribed for prompt treatment. Even though the symptoms lessen after taking antibiotics, the contagiousness still continues for some days.
What Is The Treatment For Chlamydia
Chlamydia can be easily cured with antibiotics. HIV-positive persons with chlamydia should receive the same treatment as those who are HIV-negative.
Persons with chlamydia should abstain from sexual activity for 7 days after single dose antibiotics or until completion of a 7-day course of antibiotics, to prevent spreading the infection to partners. It is important to take all of the medication prescribed to cure chlamydia. Medication for chlamydia should not be shared with anyone. Although medication will stop the infection, it will not repair any permanent damage done by the disease. If a persons symptoms continue for more than a few days after receiving treatment, he or she should return to a health care provider to be reevaluated.
Repeat infection with chlamydia is common. Women whose sex partners have not been appropriately treated are at high risk for re-infection. Having multiple chlamydial infections increases a womans risk of serious reproductive health complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancy. Women and men with chlamydia should be retested about three months after treatment of an initial infection, regardless of whether they believe that their sex partners were successfully treated.
Infants infected with chlamydia may develop ophthalmia neonatorum and/or pneumonia. Chlamydial infection in infants can be treated with antibiotics.
If I Have Chlamydia Am I At Risk Of Other Sexually Transmitted Infections
Yes. By definition, having unprotected sex means risk of STI. As well as chlamydia, there are also genital warts, genital herpes, gonorrhoea, HIV, pubic lice, and syphilis. Like with chlamydia, gonorrhoea may well cause no symptoms, so being tested is the only way to really know. This can be done at your local sexual health clinic.
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Does Azithromycin Also Cure Chlamydia
Azithromycin was the first choice antibiotic to treat chlamydia until February 2019 when BASHH guidance was issued recommending a 7-day course of doxycycline as the first choice treatment based on recent data. Azithromycin is now recommended only for pregnant women and those with an allergy to doxycycline.
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Pneumonia Can Be Fatal
When you acquire pneumonia, it could affect only one lung, both lungs, or spread from one to the other. It causes the air sacs in your lungs, also called alveoli, to become inflamed. This is what makes it difficult to breathe. Doctors typically treat pneumonia with antibiotics, but it remains the leading cause of infectious disease death in children under age five across the world. As with the flu, pneumonia can also be deadly for elderly people.
Smokers and those with asthma have a greater likelihood of catching all different strains of the disease. However, bacterial infection is the most common cause among adults in the United States.
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Why Do You Have To Wait 3 Months To Retest For Chlamydia
In fact, women who become reinfected with chlamydia have an even higher risk for PID and ectopic pregnancy than those with a first infection. Due to these risks, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that any person who tests positive for chlamydia be retested three months after treatment.
How Long Does A Strep Throat Last Things You Need To Know
The weather seems to have a twist in its temperament, and has started taking a toll on your health. To tackle with this situation, here we have answered all your queries about a strep throat, its symptoms and how long it lasts.
So many of you might be thinking that you dont have to reach to the roots of this disease as it is a normal sore throat which can be treated by normal medications.
Lets start by differentiating between a strep throat and a sore throat.
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When Should I Get Tested For Strep Throat
If you have a sore throat thats accompanied by a fever and/or some of the other symptoms described above , its a good idea to see a doctor.
With strep throat, its better to be seen earlier rather than later, says Moore. The quicker you get treated, the quicker you can be sure you dont spread the infection to others. Also, if you get to the point where your pain is not well controlled and you have trouble drinking fluids, you run the risk of getting dehydrated and weak.
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Length Of Penicillin Treatment Of Streptococcal Infections
EditorZwart et al recommend seven days of treatment for streptococcal infections as opposed to three days. For several decades we were educated to continue penicillin for such cases for no fewer than 10 days. The rationale was that streptococci must be eradicated to prevent rheumatic fever and that this was achievable only after 10 days of treatment. This was based on bacteriological, epidemiological, and clinical observations. The cost of oral penicillin is almost negligible, and I think we need more assurance to be persuaded to cut treatment to only seven days. Is there any study that will prove that treatment for seven days is as effective as treatment for 10 days for preventing rheumatic fever?
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What Happens If I Get Chlamydia When Im Pregnant
- Chlamydia during pregnancy has been associated in very rare cases with problems such as premature birth, and infection of the uterus lining after the birth.
- It can be passed to the baby during the birth and before the baby is born. This can cause inflammation and discharge in the babys eye and/or pneumonia.
- You may be offered a chlamydia test as part of your antenatal care.
- Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics when youre pregnant and when youre breastfeeding. The antibiotics wont harm the baby, but do tell the doctor or nurse that youre pregnant or breastfeeding.
- Youll be advised to have another test after you complete your treatment.
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What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Strep Throat
Signs of strep throat include:
- sore throat
- red and swollen tonsils
- painful or swollen neck glands
Not all sore throats are strep-infected throats. Often, kids have a sore throat because of a virus, which will usually clear up without medical treatment.
Kids who do have strep throat might get other symptoms within about 3 days, such as:
- red and white patches in the throat
- trouble swallowing
- strep rash
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When To See A Doctor
If you develop a sudden sore throat and are concerned for strep, you should speak with a healthcare provider.
While strep throat can go away on its own in many cases, antibiotic treatment can help symptoms go away about one day more quickly, and may slightly decrease sore throat pain after about 3 days of use.
Antibiotics may also help prevent more serious complications from developing.
If you have a sore throat and develop difficulty swallowing, speaking, or breathing, you should seek emergency medical care.
What Can Be Done To Help Prevent Invasive Group A Streptococcal Infections
The spread of all types of group A streptococcal infections may be reduced by good hand washing, especially after coughing and sneezing, before and after preparing foods and before eating. Persons with sore throats should be seen by a physician who can perform tests to find out whether it is strep throat if so, one should stay home from work, school or daycare for 24 hours or more after taking an antibiotic. All wounds should be kept clean. Wounds should be watched for possible signs of infection which include increasing redness, swelling and pain at the wound site. If these signs occur, especially in a person who also has a fever, consult a doctor immediately.
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Can You Have Strep Throat Without A Fever When To Go To Urgent Care
If you have a scratchy, sore throat that lasts for more than just a few days, you could have a bacterial infection called strep throat. While most sore throats are a symptom of viral infections, strep throat is bacterial. Bacterial infections are caused by bacteria that spreads from person to person through respiratory droplets or by eating or drinking contaminated food or water.
So, does strep throat cause a fever? While fevers are a common symptom of strep throat, you can also have strep throat without a fever. However, whether you have a fever or not with strep throat, you are still contagious.
Is Strep Throat Contagious
Strep throat can be contagious for about 2-3 weeks in individuals who are not taking antibiotics. However, individuals who do take antibiotics for strep throat usually are no longer contagious about 24- 48 hours after initiating antibiotic therapy. The bacteria that cause strep throat can be transmitted person-to-person by direct contact, especially from mucus droplets from the mouth and indirect contact, such as kissing and sharing utensils or drinking cups.
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Whos Most Likely To Get It
Strep throat often spreads in late fall and early spring, when children are in school. People 5 to 15 years old are most likely to get strep. But adults can get it, too.
People who have a weakened immune system have a higher chance of coming down with strep. This includes anyone who:
- Was born with an immune system problem
Try not to share any personal items with someone who is sick. This includes:
- Cups and plates
- Food and drinks
If you have strep, here are some things you or your child can do to avoid getting sick again:
- Take all the medicine your doctor prescribed, even if you start to feel better. Some bacteria may live and rebound if you stop the medication too soon.
- Once you’ve been on antibiotics for 2 to 3 days, throw out your old toothbrush and get a new one.
- Stay out of work or school for at least 24 hours after you start taking an antibiotic.
Should Contacts Of Individuals With Invasive Group A Streptococcal Disease Be Tested And Treated
The risk of secondary cases of invasive GAS disease among persons with casual contact to a case is very small. However, there are occasional reports of close contacts such as family members developing severe disease. In general, it is not necessary for all persons exposed to someone with an invasive group A streptococcal infection to be tested or receive preventive antibiotics. If household contacts are in good health, they should be watched for signs of GAS infection, but will not need to take preventive antibiotics. However, those who are at higher risk of invasive disease if infected should discuss the benefit of preventive antibiotics with their healthcare provider.
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General Rules Of Thumb
If you have a young child in your household, pay attention to any changes in behavior, said Pittman. Behavioral changes are often the very first signs your child is coming down with something.
If you are still unsure how long you should stay home or keep your children home, then ask your primary care provider. They are available to answer any questions and give you the support and resources you need to help you and your family get better.
Media contact: Dee Dee Grays, , 979.436.0611
Treatments For Strep Throat
The three most common antibiotics prescribed for strep throat are:
- Penicillin: Dosages range from 250 mg twice daily to 500 mg twice daily, depending on age. The typical course of penicillin for strep throat is 10 days.
- Amoxicillin: Doses for children are based on their body weight, and may be prescribed 2-3 times per day. The standard adult dose of amoxicillin for strep throat is 500mg twice a day for 10 days, or 1,000mg extended release once a day for 10 days.
- Cephalexin: For individuals allergic to penicillin, cephalexin may be used. The dose is based on body weight for children, and may be divided 2-4 times per day. The standard adult dose is 500mg twice a day for 10 days.
While there are concerns over antibiotic resistance, the CDC notes that there has never been a report of penicillin resistance from group A strep.
You can also treat pain and discomfort from strep throat with over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and acetaminophen .
Gargles, warm tea, and throat lozenges may also ease sore throat pain.
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Is My Rash Contagious
If you have a rash, you should always seek a health care providers recommendation. Many rashes can be symptoms of contagious illness like meningitis or measles, said Pittman. Do not return to work or send your children with rashes to school until your provider gives you the go ahead.
Rashes can be a symptom for many things like allergic reactions, chicken pox, impetigo, hands foot and mouth, and shingles. Pittman notes if you have a rash in conjunction with a fever that the combination is often a sign of a more serious illness.
How Does It Occur
Impetigo is caused by bacteria. The 2 types of bacteria that cause the infection are called Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes . These bacteria can live on your skin without hurting you. However, if they get into a wound, they may cause an infection.
Impetigo is more likely to happen if you have a chronic skin condition like eczema, or when you have a scratch, scrape, insect bite, or other skin irritation that causes a break in the skin. Impetigo is more common when it is hot and humid. It is very contagious. Physical contact, including scratching, can spread the infection to other parts of the body or to other people. It can also be spread by contaminated clothing, athletic equipment, towels, bed linen, and toys.
Circumstances That Require More Than 24 Hours
However, pertussis requires five days of antibiotics to make sure that it cannot be spread. Some intestinal infections and pneumonias can still be spread even after the child has finished the full course of antibiotics. Your local department of public health has printed guidelines that detail the recommendations for various types of infections.
The other factors to keep in mind when determining how soon a child should return to school are length of fever, energy level and appetite. Even if a child has completed the appropriate amount of antibiotic to stop him from being contagious, the child may still have fever, act fatigued or have a poor appetite. That would make him an unsuitable candidate for a full day of school. Staying at home for another day or two until he is up to full speed may be the best course of action.
How Is Pinkeye Treated
Because it can be hard to tell which kind of conjunctivitis a person has, it’s wise to visit a doctor if your eyes are red and irritated.
Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually treated with prescription antibiotic drops or ointment. Drops the form of treatment most commonly prescribed for teens are used up to four times a day. They don’t hurt, although they may cause a brief stinging sensation. Even though your eyes should feel and look better after a couple of days, it’s important to use the drops for as long as the doctor has prescribed. The infection may come back if you stop too soon.
If a virus is causing conjunctivitis, antibiotic drops will not help. The eye infection will get better on its own as the body fights off the virus.
If you have allergic conjunctivitis, your doctor may prescribe anti-allergy eyedrops or medicine in pill form.
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How Are Group A Streptococci Spread
These bacteria are spread by direct contact with nose and throat discharges of an infected individual or with infected skin lesions. The risk of spread is greatest when an individual is ill, such as when people have strep throat or an infected wound. Individuals who carry the bacteria but have no symptoms are much less contagious. Treatment of an infected person with an appropriate antibiotic for 24 hours or longer eliminates contagiousness. However, it is important to complete the entire course of antibiotics as prescribed. Household items like plates, cups and toys do not play a major role in disease transmission.