What Are The Symptoms Of A Stye
Each persons symptoms may vary. Symptoms may include:
- Swelling, redness, pain, or tenderness of the eyelid
- Feeling like there is something in your eye
- Being bothered by bright light
- Tearing and crusting of the eye
The symptoms of a stye may look like other health problems. Always see your healthcare provider to be sure.
Will The Medicine Prevent Future Styes
This medicine will heal existing styes. The medicine will also prevent secondary styes for a week or more. If you sense a stye is beginning to form after that time, you will need to take the medicine again to stop it.
Once the stye clears. Keep a lookout for new styes. One way to know if a new stye is beginning to develop is when you blink your eyelids. If you feel a small stinging sensations when you blink, it means a new stye is starting to form.
If you take the medicine when you notice that stinging sensationthe stye will never develop and your eyelid will not become red or swollen. Nor will any bump form.
What Is The Name Of The Stye Medicine
Technically it is not a stye medicine, it is an antibiotic called Doxycycline Hyclate. Doxycycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic which has a long half-life in the body.
Doxycycline doesnt work like most antibiotics work by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms because the bacteria that causes a stye is naturally resistant to staphylococcus aureus, which is the bacteria that causes a stye.
Doxycycline actually works by restoring tear stability above normal allowing the gland openings to enlarge and purge themselves from any obstruction, such as pus and dead cells.
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How Common Is A Stye
Styes are very common and occur equally in all races and genders. However, styes may be more common in adults than children simply because the oil in an adults oil glands is thicker than a childs. That means its more prone to blockage.
If you have certain conditions, such as blepharitis, dandruff, rosacea, diabetes or high levels of bad cholesterol, youre more at risk to develop a stye. In most cases, a stye will go away by itself in several weeks. If it doesnt dissolve naturally after the second week, contact an eye care professional for advice.
What Is The Best Medication For A Stye
For most patients, styes will resolve in a few days without medications. Those that dont may require antibiotic therapy. Physicians follow a protocol for using antibiotics. There is no best antibiotic or medication for stye. Antibiotic treatment will be tailored to the nature of the infection, possible allergies, and the patients history.
|Best medications for styes|
|500-1000 mg once daily for 7 days||Diarrhea, stomach upset|
Many of the standard dosages above are from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration . Dosage is determined by your healthcare provider based on the nature of the infection, the patients medical condition, response to treatment, and allergies. Other possible side effects exist. This is not a complete list.
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Can A Stye Spread
Styes generally arent contagious. However, small amounts of bacteria can be spread from your or your childs stye. This is why its important to always wash your hands before and after touching a stye and wash pillowcases often to help prevent the bacteria from spreading. Unless youre cleaning or applying warm compresses to the stye, avoid touching it to reduce bacteria spread and irritation.
What Antibiotic Is Used For A Stye
An ophthalmologist will typically prescribe an oral antibiotic, though some situations may involve a topical antibiotic. Physicians follow a protocol and their own experience when prescribing antibiotics, which must be tailored to the infection, the patients medical condition, and any allergies the patient might have.
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Home Remedies And Lifestyle
Since a stye is usually caused by a blocked oil gland on the eyelid, it usually heals with some simple at-home care. When you set up the eyelid to treat your stye, make sure to keep it as bacteria-free as possible. Be sure to wash your hands often and wash your face, including the eye area, every day.
Application of heat can help reduce inflammation and shrink the bump. The goal is to cause it to rupture so that the white pus produced by the infection can drain. The heat from a washcloth soaked with warm water is not sufficient because it cools down very quickly. Instead, opt for heat masks, which you can warm up in a microwave before putting them on top of your eyes. Other over-the-counter heat products like self-heating eye pads can also help. Its important to allow the stye to pop on its own rather than squeeze it yourself.
To make a warm compress, heat a wet towel in the microwave until its warm or dip it in hot water and wring it out. Make sure the towel is warm, not hot. Some styes begin to shrink after a few days of this treatment.
How Can You Prevent Them
Here are some things you can do to prevent styes and chalazia.
- Don’t rub your eyes. This can irritate your eyes and let in bacteria. If you need to touch your eyes, wash your hands first.
- Protect your eyes from dust and air pollution when you can. For example, wear safety glasses when you do dusty chores like raking or mowing the lawn.
- Replace eye makeup, especially mascara, at least every 6 months. Bacteria can grow in makeup.
- If you get styes or chalazia often, wash your eyelids regularly with a little bit of baby shampoo mixed in warm water.
- Treat any inflammation or infection of the eyelid promptly.
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Related Resources For Stye Treatment
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This article is not medical advice. It is intended for general informational purposes and is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your physician or dial 911.
What Are Stye Causes And Risk Factors
Infections of the oil glands in the eyelid cause styes. Very frequently, bacteria infect the oil glands in the eyelids.
Seborrhea may increase the likelihood of developing one of these infections. Certain other factors can contribute to the infection of the glands:
- Improper or incomplete removal of eye makeup
- Use of outdated or contaminated cosmetics
- Poor eyelid hygiene
- Mucous discharge in the eye
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Complications Of A Stye
Use of the above medicines on a timely basis will also prevent an eyelid cellulitis or preseptal cellulitis which is a serious complication of a hordeolum.
If the above medicines are not effective at treating the hordeolum it has probably become a chalazion. Chalazion may resolve without treatment but many require a minor surgery to remove.
Eye Care Resources
How Is A Stye Or Chalazion Treated
Home treatment is all that is needed for most styes and chalazia.
- Apply warm, wet compresses for 5 to 10 minutes, 3 to 6 times a day. This usually helps the area heal faster. It may also help open a blocked pore so that it can drain and start to heal.
- Use an over-the-counter treatment. Try an ointment , solution , or medicated pads .
- Let the stye or chalazion open on its own. Don’t squeeze or open it.
- Don’t wear eye makeup or contact lenses until the area has healed.
If a stye is not getting better with home treatment, talk to your doctor. You may need a prescription for antibiotic eye ointment or eyedrops. You may need to take antibiotic pills if infection has spread to the eyelid or eye.
If a stye gets very large, the doctor may need to pierce it so it can drain and heal. Do not try to lance it yourself.
If a chalazion does not go away or if it gets worse, a doctor may recommend an injection of steroid medicine or surgery to remove it.
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What Are Styes And Chalazia
Styes and chalazia are lumps in or along the edge of an eyelid. They may be painful or annoying, but they are rarely serious. Most will go away on their own without treatment.
- A stye is an infection that causes a tender red lump on the eyelid. Most styes occur along the edge of the eyelid. When a stye occurs inside the eyelid, it is called an internal hordeolum .
- A chalazion is a lump in the eyelid. Chalazia may look like styes, but they are usually larger and may not hurt.
What Is A Chalazion Anyway
A chalazion is an unhealed stye. Its a stye that did not rupture and leak the pus matter. Think of it like a pimple. If that pimple doesn’t pop, the pus matter inside the stye will hardenthen it is termed a chalazion. Treat the stye before that pus hardens or it may require surgery to remove it.
It is not known if this medicine can treat a chalazion. However, based on how the medicine works, its possible. Either way, results will likely depend on how long the chalazion has been present.
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Are There Any Complications
Most styes are very minor infections that clear without any treatment and cause no problems. Styes do not affect your vision.
Sometimes the stye doesn’t go away, and can turn into a cyst called a chalazion. If this happens it doesn’t look particularly red and it doesn’t hurt. However, you will have a lump on your eyelid.
Very occasionally the infection can spread. It may spread to the surface of the eye, causing conjunctivitis, which may need antibiotic ointment or drops to clear the infection. Alternatively the infection can spread around the eyelid, causing it to become more red and swollen. If this happens you should see your GP as you may need antibiotic tablets.
An extremely rare complication is the infection spreading to involve the whole eyelid and tissues surrounding and behind the eye. The eyelid may be very swollen and red, it may hurt or be impossible to open the eye and you may have a lot of pain and a high temperature . Sometimes the eyeball is pushed forwards so that it bulges, and you may be very sensitive to the light. If you develop this type of complication, which is called orbital cellulitis, you need to see a medical professional urgently. Treatment of orbital cellulitis is with antibiotics, usually given into a vein via a drip, in hospital.
Frequently Clean The Area
Leaving makeup on for extended periods of time or not washing your face before bed may increase the risk of styes.
In order to avoid this, clean your eyes daily with a gentle eye wash or cleanser.
Before washing your eyes, wash your hands.
Also, avoid touching your eyes and face more than is necessary.
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When Should Someone Seek Medical Care For A Stye
Sometimes, complications may occur from a seemingly innocent problem. Immediately contact an ophthalmologist if any of the following problems occur:
- The eye is swollen shut.
- Redness appears around the entire eye.
- There is any change or disturbance in one’s vision.
- Swelling lasts for more than three weeks.
- The stye or styes come back or bleed.
- Eyelashes fall out.
- The stye is on the bottom eyelid, near the nose.
- The white part of the eye becomes red.
- Pus or thick discharge continues to drain from the eye.
- One has a fever higher than 100.5 F.
- One has excessive persistent tearing.
- One has persistent redness of the surface of the eye.
- One has significant pain.
- The stye recurs, especially if the stye does so in the same location as a previous stye.
- One has swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck or in front of the ear on the side of the stye.
- One experiences double vision.
Go to an ophthalmologist for any of the above symptoms. If one is unable to be evaluated by an ophthalmologist, go to the hospital’s emergency department if experiencing any of the above problems.
Most styes go away on their own in five to seven days with home remedies.
Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes
A Stye may be encountered by the emergency department physician, nurse practitioner, internist or the primary care provider. Most styes can be managed conservatively by these healthcare professionals, but if there is any doubt about the diagnosis, the patient should be referred to an ophthalmologist. Styes do respond rapidly to warm compresses and erythromycin ointment. However, the patient must be seen again within 48 to 72 hours to ensure that healing is taking place.
The outcomes for most patients with a stye are excellent.
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What To Do If You Accidentally Get Ointment In Your Eye
Accidents happen. You may get ointment meant for your skin in one of your eyes.
If this happens, flush your eye with water right away. You can do this with any stream of cool water, such as from a faucet or shower. You can also use sterile saline solution. Keep blinking while rinsing your eyes for 15 to 20 minutes.
If youre concerned about the kind of ointment you got in your eye, contact the National Capital Poison Control Center at 800-222-1222 or use its online triage tool to see whether you require further medical assistance.
Follow up with your doctor if you experience the following eye symptoms:
When Medicine Doesnt Help
If your stye worsens, begins to affect your vision or doesnt go away with medicine, it may be time to discuss stye removal surgery with your eye doctor. If a stye gets too severe without being surgically drained, it can turn into an abscess a more serious kind of infection.
It may be tempting, but you should neverpop a stye. The bacteria released from a stye when popped can cause the infection to spread to your eye or a different part of your eyelid.
If you have persistent trouble with styes, schedule an appointment with your eye doctor to learn more about treatment, prevention and what causes styes to form.
Typically, styes are not contagious. However, it’s still a good idea to wash your hands frequently and avoid touching your stye to eliminate any possibility of transferring the stye-causing bacteria to others.
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When Should I See My Eye Care Provider About A Stye
See your provider if:
- Your eye is swollen shut.
- Pus or blood is leaking from the bump.
- Pain and/or swelling increases after the first two to three days.
- Blisters have formed on your eyelid.
- Your eyelids feel hot.
- Your vision has changed.
- Styes keep coming back. If this happens, your provider may take a biopsy , under local anesthesia, to rule out other more serious problems.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Though they can be painful, most styes arent a cause for concern. Having a stye is usually manageable with good eyelid hygiene, and most cases will go away on their own. Neither you nor your child need to miss school or work while waiting for a stye to heal.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 10/13/2021.
Pearls And Other Issues
Although it occurs very uncommonly, an untreated stye may evolve into a localized cellulitis of the eyelid and surrounding skin. Periorbital, or rarely, orbital cellulitis, may ensue if progression of the infection is allowed to occur. Any worsening erythema and edema beyond a localized pustule should be monitored closely for cellulitis, which may require systemic antibiotics. For infections that are not well localized, blood tests including a complete blood count with differential and blood cultures may be needed, in addition to an orbital CT scan if orbital cellulitis is a possibility.
Blepharitis is a related condition that involves inflammation of the eyelid margin characterized by erythematous, pruritic eyelids, conjunctival injection, crusting or matting of the eyelids, and occasionally flaking of the eyelid skin. In contradistinction to hordeolum and chalazion, blepharitis should not have a discrete nodule within the eyelid. Treatment involves warm compresses, gentle washing of the eyelids with warm water or diluted baby shampoo, and if these attempts are unsuccessful, a topical antibiotic such as erythromycin.
How To Use And Store
This antibiotic ointment should be kept closed in the container in which it came, safely out of the reach of children. Be sure to store this at a moderate room temperature, avoiding places where there may be excessive heat or moisture, such as the bathroom
When using ophthalmic antibiotic ointments apply these to the inside lower lid of the affected eye. Usually this is done every 3 to 4 hours for a week to 10 days, but, of course, follow your healthcare providers instructions.
If you do not see improvement in the first few days or if your symptoms get worse after using the ointment, be sure to check with your practitioner on this.
Keep in mind, this is for the eye only. Do not put the ointment in your nose or mouth. Also, do not share the ointment with anyone else since this can enable germs to spread from one person to another.