What Is Chlamydia Like
Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection . Most people who have confirmed cases of chlamydia are recorded to have no symptoms. When symptoms do appear, it occurs in the form of a pus-like yellow discharge, frequent or painful urination. Additionally, some women experience spotting between periods or after sex. Also, rectal pain irritation, bleeding or discharge can occur. Some patients may experience lower abdominal pain, swollen or tender testicles. If left untreated, chlamydia may lead to infertility or irreversible reproductive issues.
How Do You Prevent Chlamydia
Chlamydia can be passed on by sharing sex toys. Always cover sex toys with a new condom and wash them after use to reduce your risk of getting chlamydia and other STIs.
Its important to regularly test for chlamydia, even if you dont have any symptoms, especially if youve had multiple sexual partners.
The contraceptive pill and other types of contraception wont prevent you getting chlamydia, and neither will PrEP.
Whats The Treatment For Chlamydia
Chlamydia is usually easy to get rid of. Your nurse or doctor will get you antibiotics to treat the infection. Sometimes you only have to take one dose of medication. Another chlamydia treatment lasts for 7 days. Your doctor will help you figure out which treatment is best for you.
If youre treated for chlamydia, its really important for your sexual partners to get treated also. Otherwise, you can keep passing the infection back and forth, or to other people. Sometimes your doctor will give you medicine for both you and your partner.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Chlamydia
It is not easy to tell if you are infected with chlamydia because the symptoms are so vague and are shared with a number of other infections. For some people symptoms can appear a few weeks after unprotected sex. For others, the symptoms develop months later, or in some cases symptoms can disappear after a few days even though they still have the infection.
70% of infected females and 50% of males will not have any obvious symptoms of chlamydia. However, there are some common symptoms to be aware of.
The most common symptoms for women include:
- Burning sensation/discomfort when urinating.
- Pain in the lower abdominal.
- Pain during sex.
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Amoxicillin For Std Treatment: Does It Work
Amoxicillin is one of the first drugs people think of when they learn that they have contracted a sexually transmitted infection or disease. Many common web searches show that people searching for chlamydia treatments or information on how to treat gonorrhea at home are curious about this as a potential treatment.
At myLAB Box, we understand and appreciate our customers concerns. So we want to address the question: will amoxicillin cure gonorrhea or chlamydia? Lets take a closer look.
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What Is The Best Home Remedy For Chlamydia
The only consistently proven cure for chlamydia is antibiotics. There are a few products and home remedies out there recommended by countless websites for curing chlamydia at home. Unfortunately, the results of these treatments can be inconsistent and never involve the use of actual antibiotics. The only guaranteed method of treating bacterial infections, like chlamydia, is antibiotics.
What Is A Chlamydia Infection
Chlamydia genital infection is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. In fact, C. trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the world. Interestingly, about 70% of genital infections are associated with few or no symptoms at all.
Chlamydial infections in women are more likely to remain asymptomatic than in men . However, women are more likely to develop long-term complications.
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Box 1diseases Caused By Chlamydiae
It is estimated that 40 million individuals worldwide have active trachoma caused by singular or mixed infections of Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Chlamydia psittaci . An additional 8.2 million have trichiasis and 1.3 million are blind as a result of ocular infections caused by chlamydia. Particular strains of C. trachomatis that cause trachoma are hyperendemic to regions of sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, Asia and parts of South and Central America however, the distribution and involvement of C. pneumoniae and C. psittaci strains in active trachoma cases around the world is currently unknown . Transmission occurs through both direct and indirect contact, and roughly 25% of all individuals infected are children under the age of 10 years. However, serious disease and blindness is found in older individuals caused by cumulative scarification left by untreated infections .
Sexually transmitted infections caused by C. trachomatis are the most prevalent bacterial cause of sexually transmitted infections worldwide, and around 92 million men and women are estimated to be infected . The majority of infections are asymptomatic in both men and women, but if left untreated can result in a variety of pathologies, including urethritis, cervicitis, salpingitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and infertility .
Zoonotic respiratory infections
How To Prevent Chlamydia
Below are some ways to prevent chlamydia
- Use condoms every time you have sex
- Discuss testing for sexually transmitted infections with your doctor or nurse
- Ask if you are due for your annual chlamydia screening
- See your doctor or nurse if you have any symptoms of chlamydia or another infection
- Do not have sex if you or your sexual partner has abnormal discharge, burning with urination, or a genital rash or sore
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Natural Treatments For Chlamydia
According to an article in Alternative Medicine Review, the plant alkaloid berberine found in goldenseal demonstrates significant antimicrobial activity against viruses and bacteria, including chlamydia. Also, in a small clinical study, chlamydia of the eye resulted in no relapses, even one year after treatment with eye drops made from berberine. While the results of this trial are positive, it shows promise that goldenseal may be an effective treatment for chlamydia.
Goldenseal is a natural antibiotic used as an immune system stimulant. Researchers believe it limits clinical symptoms during an infection. When fighting an infection such as chlamydia, goldenseal pills or extracts can help. Four to 6 grams per day in tablet or capsule form is the typical recommendation, or 2 milliliters of an extract, 35 times per day. Do not use goldenseal for more than three consecutive weeks.
Widely used by generations as a remedy for snake bites, sore throats, colds, coughs, pain, and intestinal upset, Echinacea has also been found to be highly effective against STDs, including gonorrhea and chlamydia. To stimulate the immune system, the United States Department of Agricultures Natural Resources Conservation Service states that recent research recommends doses of 10 mg per kilogram of body weight over 10 days.
4. Oil of Oregano
Whats The Fastest Way To Get Rid Of Chlamydia
The main treatment for chlamydia is antibiotics. Azithromycin and doxycycline are the two prescription medications used to treat chlamydia, they will get rid of it the fastest.
Taking these antibiotics properly can completely cure chlamydia in about 1 week. Treatment might involve taking a single pill, or it might involve taking medicine for a whole week.
No matter what, make sure you take all the pills your doctor prescribes. Otherwise the infection might come back.
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When Can I Have Sex Again
If you had doxycycline, you shouldn’t have sex including vaginal, oral or anal sex, even with a condom until both you and your partner have completed treatment.
If you had azithromycin, you should wait 7 days after treatment before having sex .
This will help ensure you don’t pass on the infection or catch it again straight away.
How To Take It
Azithromycin is taken one time orally and can be taken with or without food. Its important to take it as directed by your doctor.
It takes approximately 1 week for azithromycin to cure chlamydia. Avoid having sex while under treatment, as its still possible to pass or worsen the infection during treatment.
Treatment For Chlamydia Is Quick And Easy
Two antibiotics are most often used for treating chlamydia:
- Azithromycin The main treatment for chlamydia is one gram of azithromycin, taken one time, says , deputy director of clinical services for public health with the Seattle and King County HIV and STD Program in Washington. That one gram comes as either two pills or four pills. It is not expensive.
- Doxycycline If your doctor prescribes doxycycline, you will take two pills daily for one week. It costs somewhat more than azithromycin.
Antibiotics can also cure chlamydia in infants, who can get the infection from their mothers, and treatment is essential for them. Without treatment, infants infected with chlamydia can develop conjunctivitis, which can cause blindness, or pneumonia, which can be fatal.
How Do You Get Chlamydia
Chlamydia is caused by a bacterial infection called chlamydia trachomatis, that is spread through unprotected sex or any contact with infected genital fluids such as, semen or vaginal fluid. You can get chlamydia by:
- Having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has chlamydia even if they are asymptomatic.
- Sharing sex toys that have not been washed before use or covered with a clean condom each time they are used.
- Your genitals coming into contact with your sexual partners genitals who is already infected with chlamydia. Even if there is no penetration, orgasm or ejaculation you can still catch chlamydia.
- Infected semen or vaginal fluid getting into your eyes or other body part that is moistened with infected discharges.
- Pregnant women with chlamydia can pass on the infection to their unborn baby.
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Chlamydial Infection Among Adolescents And Adults
Chlamydial infection is the most frequently reported bacterial infectious disease in the United States, and prevalence is highest among persons aged 24 years . Multiple sequelae can result from C. trachomatis infection among women, the most serious of which include PID, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Certain women who receive a diagnosis of uncomplicated cervical infection already have subclinical upper genital tract infection.
Asymptomatic infection is common among both men and women. To detect chlamydial infection, health care providers frequently rely on screening tests. Annual screening of all sexually active women aged < 25 years is recommended, as is screening of older women at increased risk for infection . In a community-based cohort of female college students, incident chlamydial infection was also associated with BV and high-risk HPV infection . Although chlamydia incidence might be higher among certain women aged 25 years in certain communities, overall, the largest proportion of infection is among women aged < 25 years .
Persistence In Vitro& in Vivo
In vitro or in vivo evidence of chlamydial persistence can be demonstrated in all chlamydia species, and can be routinely induced in the laboratory when infected cells are exposed to -lactam antibiotics, IFN- or are deprived of iron supplements or amino acids . Persistent or aberrant RBs continue to synthesize proteins and replicate DNA, but they halt cell division. The resulting inclusions contain small numbers of very large aberrant RBs, and yield a prolonged infection caused by viable but nonculturable chlamydia . Removal of the stressor results in septum formation, RB division and differentiation to EBs . Failure to respond to antibiotic treatment can follow establishment of chlamydial persistence in vitro, and it may be challenging in vivo to differentiate persistence from potential cases of antibiotic resistance. Although uncomplicated infections are quite responsive to antibiotics, unresolved genital, ocular and respiratory infections that fail to respond to antibiotic treatment are extensively documented . It is possible that this is a function of poor therapeutic control of aberrant, persistent Chlamydiae in patients.
Both in vitro and in vivo evidence of penicillin treatment show that a dramatic change in the bacterial cell structure can suspend the developmental lifecycle and trigger a persistent state.
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What Happens If Chlamydia Is Left Untreated
If left untreated, chlamydia can lead to more serious health problems.
In people assigned female at birth, untreated chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammatory disease , a condition which can scar the fallopian tubes and lead to infertility.
Chlamydia can also be passed on to babies during birth if the parent has the infection while pregnant.
How Long Does It Take For Chlamydia To Go Away After Treatment
Chlamydia infection usually clears after one week of completing your antibiotic treatment. During treatment, you should avoid drinking alcohol as this can reduce how effective the antibiotic is.
You should also avoid having sex during treatment as you could still pass on the infection to your partner. It is common for partners to pass chlamydia between one another if they continue to have sex without completing their treatment, causing repeated infections.
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Urogenital Infection In Men
In men, chlamydial infection of the lower genital tract causes urethritis and, on occasion, epididymitis. Urethritis is secondary to C. trachomatis infection in approximately 15 to 55 percent of men, although the prevalence is lower among older men.2 Symptoms, if present, include a mild to moderate, clear to white urethral discharge. This is best observed in the morning, before the patient voids. To observe the discharge, the penis may need to be milked by applying pressure from the base of the penis to the glans.
The diagnosis of nongonococcal urethritis can be confirmed by the presence of a mucopurulent discharge from the penis, a Gram stain of the discharge with more than five white blood cells per oil-immersion field, and no intracellular gram-negative diplococci.2 A positive result on a leukocyte esterase test of first-void urine or a microscopic examination of first-void urine showing 10 or more white blood cells per high-powered field also confirms the diagnosis of urethritis.
For diagnosis of C. trachomatis infection in men with suspected urethritis, the nucleic acid amplification technique to detect chlamydial and gonococcal infections is best .4 Empiric treatment should be considered for patients who are at high risk of being lost to follow-up.
Testing And Treating Sexual Partners
If you test positive for chlamydia, it’s important that your current sexual partner and any other recent sexual partners you’ve had are also tested and treated.
A specialist sexual health adviser can help you contact your recent sexual partners, or the clinic can contact them for you if you prefer.
Either you or someone from the clinic can speak to them, or the clinic can send them a note to let them know they may have been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection .
The note will suggest that they go for a check-up. It will not have your name on it, so your confidentiality will be protected.
Page last reviewed: 01 September 2021 Next review due: 01 September 2024
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What Are The Best Antibiotics For Chlamydia
While there are numerous antibiotics available to treat bacterial infections, certain types are considered to be the best for treatment of chlamydia. The two first-choice antibiotics for chlamydia prescribed by most doctors are azithromycin and doxycycline. Erythromycin, ofloxacin and levofloxacin are all drugs that may also be prescribed, and amoxicillin is sometimes used to treat women who are pregnant. Each medication has pros and cons in regards to dosing regimen, price, and side effects.
Azithromycin is considered one of the two best antibiotics for chlamydia treatment. It is very easy to take, only requiring a single dose, and cures the disease in 95% of cases. People with chronic, recurring cases of chlamydia do particularly well when treated with this drug, and it is considered safe to be used during pregnancy. The disadvantages of the drug are that it tends to be more expensive than other treatments, and may cause nausea or vomiting.
Can I Buy Chlamydia Treatment Over The Counter
Wondering if you can get chlamydia medicine over the counter?
There is currently no chlamydia treatment available over the counter, you will need to meet with a doctor before getting chlamydia treatment. This is to confirm your chlamydia diagnosis and ensure that antibiotic treatment is safe for you.
Even though prescription medication for chlamydia is not available over the counter that does not mean its hard to get treatment.
You can meet with a board-certified online doctor today for as little as 15 minutes and get antibiotics sent to your local pharmacy. The average appointment lasts 15 minutes and 97% of conditions are treated on the first visit.
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Recommendations Updated To Address Growing Antibiotic Resistance
30 August 2016: More than 1 million sexually transmitted infections are acquired every day worldwide. STIs present a major burden of disease and negatively affect peoples well-being across the globe. Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis are three STIs which are all caused by bacteria and which can potentially be cured by antibiotics. Unfortunately, these STIs often go undiagnosed and due to antibiotic resistance, they are also becoming increasingly difficult to treat.
WHO has today launched new treatment guidelines to help address this issue. Based on the latest available evidence, the guidelines share new recommendations on the most effective treatments for these curable sexually transmitted infections.
Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis are major public health problems worldwide, affecting millions of peoples quality of life, causing serious illness and sometimes death. The new WHO guidelines reinforce the need to treat these STIs with the right antibiotic, at the right dose, and the right time to reduce their spread and improve sexual and reproductive health. To do that, national health services need to monitor the patterns of antibiotic resistance in these infections within their countries.
Ian Askew, Director, WHO Department of Reproductive Health and Research including HRP.