Saturday, November 19, 2022

Should I Get Antibiotics For Strep

How Soon Will They Start Working

How much dose of an antibiotic is sufficient for Strep Throat? – Dr. Sriram Nathan

Antibiotics start working right away and you should be feeling better within one to two days. The sore throat will feel better right away if you gargle with salt water , or if you use throat lozenges

If itâs been longer than two to three days and youâre still feeling under the weather, or if you are feeling worse, talk to your doctor to see if something else is going on.

Can Strep Throat Be Prevented

To protect others from getting sick, it’s important to stay home for at least 24 hours until the antibiotics have had a chance to work. Wash your forks, spoons, plates, and cups in hot, soapy water after you use them. Don’t share food, drinks, napkins, handkerchiefs, or towels with other people.

Cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze or cough to prevent passing fluid droplets to someone else. If you don’t have a tissue handy, make sure you cough or sneeze into your elbow not your hands! Wash your hands often, especially after wiping or blowing your nose.

Strep Throat Treatment Online

If you need treatment for strep, you may be able to use online health counseling or telehealth services to receive the diagnosis and medications you need. Many will also accept your health insurance and cover it as a part of your typical sick visits. Be sure always to use a reputable online health provider like DrAlexa.

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Protect Yourself And Others

People can get strep throat more than once. Having strep throat does not protect someone from getting it again in the future. While there is no vaccine to prevent strep throat, there are things people can do to protect themselves and others.

Good hygiene helps prevent group A strep infections

The best way to keep from getting or spreading group A strep is to wash your hands often. This is especially important after coughing or sneezing and before preparing foods or eating.

To prevent group A strep infections, you should:

  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
  • Put your used tissue in the waste basket.
  • Cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve or elbow, not your hands, if you dont have a tissue.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Use an alcohol-based hand rub if soap and water are not available.

You should also wash glasses, utensils, and plates after someone who is sick uses them. These items are safe for others to use once washed.

Wash your hands often to help prevent germs from spreading.

Antibiotics help prevent spreading the infection to others

People with strep throat should stay home from work, school, or daycare until they:

  • No longer have a fever
  • Have taken antibiotics for at least 12 hours

When Should I See My Doctor About A Sore Throat

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In general, you should see a healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever. You should see a healthcare provider if you have a sore throat and fever to make sure you dont have strep throat. This is especially important for children and teens.

  • You think you could have COVID-19. Sore throat is a common symptom of COVID-19 illness.

  • Your sore throat is getting worse. A sore throat from a virus should go away within a few days. It also shouldnt get worse over time. If your sore throat isnt getting better after 2 to 3 days you should see a healthcare provider even if home remedies are giving you temporary relief. You could have a sore throat for a different reason.

  • You have concerning symptoms. This includes neck swelling, trouble swallowing, voice changes, trouble speaking, or pain that makes it hard to move your neck.

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Are Antibiotics Necessary For Strep Throat

More parents seem to be making an effort in recent years to limit antibiotic exposure for their children. This is due to concerns about how this may impact long term health or contribute to increased susceptibility to deadly superbugs such as C-Diff.Treating strep throat without meds remains a glaring exception to this trend.

It seems that whenever a doctor diagnoses a child or even an adult with strep throat, there is no question that they require an immediate round of antibiotics. Even those who typically avoid meds and follow a more holistic lifestyle seem to fall into this trap.

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Conventional doctors today do a great job of scaring people out of their minds about the possibility of rheumatic fever/heart damage from allowing the body to deal with a strep throat infection unmedicated. However, the truth is, the risk of complications from strep throat is very small for healthy people who have no issues with their immune system. Even WebMD used to state that strep throat will go away on its own with or without treatment in 3-7 days.

Ive written before about the one and only case of strep throat I ever had. It occurred when I was 15 and I am ever so grateful my MD father loved me enough to let me fight through it and win without antibiotics. The result? Ive never ever gotten strep throat again despite repeated exposures. One exposure was in very close quarters a college roommate had strep throat and I still didnt contract it! Whats even more interesting is that none of my children have ever had strep either despite multiple exposures from friends and classmates.

I obviously built up a strong resistance to strep throat at a young age and have been blessed with never having to suffer with it again by allowing my body to fight through it naturally. Its also quite possible I passed on my immunity to my children via breastfeeding, although that is obviously just an educated guess on my part.

For others, the article triggered an aha moment with more than just a few deciding once and for all to stare down the strep throat demon and win!

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What Is Strep Throat And How Do People Get It

Strep throat is a specific type of bacterial infectionâgroup A Streptococcus, in medical parlance.

That differs from other illnesses that give us sore throats and coughs, which are usually viral infections that don’t need to be treated with antibiotics, and go away on their own.

Strep bacteria live in the nose and spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes and spreads respiratory droplets to other people. You can catch strep from an infected person if you:

  • Inhale the droplets.

  • Touch something the droplets have landed on â like a doorknob â and then touch a mucous membrane .

  • Touch an open sore that was caused by group A Strep.

Side Effects Of Treatments

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If left untreated, strep throat bacteria may spread to other parts of the body and lead to complications. These include:

  • Scarlatina or scarlet fever is a red skin rash that feels like sandpaper. The rash fades in about 7 days and the skin may peel.
  • A rare kidney disease called poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis may occur, which is the result of your bodys immune system trying to fight off the group A strep bacteria. Among its symptoms are dark reddish-brown urine and swelling in the face, hands, and feet.
  • Small scaly teardrop-shaped spots that suddenly appear on the middle of the body and limbs called guttate psoriasis may occur. The spots may be itchy but arent contagious. Usually mild cases can be treated at home, but it may be severe in those with weakened immune systems.
  • Pus can collect behind the tonsils. This is known as tonsillar abscess. This happens when the bacteria spreads to the surrounding tissues.
  • Rheumatic fever is a rare complication that can cause severe illness in the heart, brain, joints, and skin. It typically develops about 14 to 28 days after strep throat and can result in permanent damage to the heart valves.

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How Great Is The Risk From Antibiotics

The recommended antibiotic for treating GBS during labor is penicillin. Fewer bacteria currently show a resistance to penicillin than to other antibiotics used to treat GBS. The options are fewer for women known to be allergic to penicillin. Up to 29 percent of GBS strains have been shown to be resistant to non-penicillin antibiotics.46 For women not known to be allergic to penicillin, there is a one in ten risk of a mild allergic reaction to penicillin, such as a rash. Even for those women who have no prior experience of a penicillin allergy, there is a one in 10,000 chance of developing anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic reaction.

It should be noted that antibiotics such as penicillin kill GBS as well as other bacteria that might cause a newborn to become ill. Currently, the use of penicillin during labor may be a case in which the benefits outweigh the risks, depending on your individual risk factors for passing GBS on to your baby. However, it was only a few years ago that the same could have been said about other antibiotics. Ampicillin and amoxicillin have been rendered virtually useless for treating GBS by their prior overuse in laboring women in an effort to prevent GBS infection in newborns. How long will it be before penicillin, too, becomes useless in the battle to prevent GBS infections?

Is Strep Throat Contagious

Strep throat is contagious for about 2-3 weeks in individuals who do not take antibiotics. However, individuals who take antibiotics for strep throat usually are no longer contagious about 24 hours after initiating antibiotic therapy. The bacteria that cause strep throat can be transmitted person-to-person by direct contact, especially from mucus droplets from the mouth and indirect contact, such as kissing and sharing utensils or drinking cups.

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How Great Is The Risk Of My Baby Becoming Sick From Gbs

There are three significant factors that place a woman at increased risk of delivering an infant who becomes ill from GBS: fever during labor, her water breaking 18 hours or more before delivery , and/or labor or broken water before 37 weeks gestation.28 Other factors that can contribute to a newborns risk of contracting GBS infection include age, economic, and medical criteria, such as the following: being born to a mother who is less than 20 years of age,29, 30 being African American,31, 32 the mother having large amounts of GBS bacteria in her vaginal tract,33-37 and being born to a mother who has given birth to a prior sibling with GBS disease.38-40

In the absence of the first three risk factors , the risk of a newborn developing GBS infection is very small. The CDC estimates that, without the use of antibiotics during labor, only one out of every 200 GBS-positive women without these risk factors will deliver an infant with GBS disease. Some studies have found even lower rates of transmission. If antibiotics are given to the mother during labor, the CDC estimates that one in 4,000 GBS-positive women with no other risk factors will deliver an infant with GBS infection.

British Columbia Specific Information

what is usually prescribed for strep throat

Most sore throats are caused by a virus, such as a cold. Antibiotics won’t work for sore throats caused by a virus.

Strep throat is an infection caused by a bacteria called Group A Streptococcus . It is more common in children than adults. Strep throat starts suddenly with a high fever, headache, swollen red throat and tonsils, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, white or yellow patches at the back of the throat and, in children, abdominal pain.

Strep throat can be treated with antibiotics. It is important to take all of the antibiotics that are prescribed and to take them on time.

If you are in contact with someone with invasive GAS you may require antibiotics. Speak to your health care provider for more information.

For more information see, HealthLinkBC File # 106 Group A Streptococcal Infections.

If you have questions about symptoms, management, or diagnosis of strep throat, speak with your health care provider. You may also call 8-1-1 to speak with a registered nurse. Our nurses are available anytime, every day of the year, and our pharmacists are available every night from 5:00 p.m. to 9:00 a.m.

You may want to have a say in this decision, or you may simply want to follow your doctor’s recommendation. Either way, this information will help you understand what your choices are so that you can talk to your doctor about them.

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How Is Strep Throat Treated

Strep throat is treated using antibiotics. An antibiotic is a type of medicine that kills the bacteria that cause the infection.

Antibiotics are often taken as pills or given as a shot. Penicillin and amoxicillin are common antibiotics used to treat strep throat. Other antibiotics are ordered for people who are allergic to penicillin.

Your healthcare provider may give your child a shot or prescribe an antibiotic in either pill or liquid form. The pills or liquid are usually taken for 10 days. Follow your healthcare providers instructions. Your child should take all of the medication, even if he or she feels better. The bacteria can still be alive even if your child feels okay.

How Is Strep Throat Diagnosed

Your doctor may use a test called the rapid strep test to diagnose strep throat. For this test, the doctor uses a long cotton swab to take some of the fluid or mucus from the back of your throat. The results of this test can be ready in less than 15 minutes.

Your doctor may also do a culture of your mucus. If so, he or she will send a sample of your mucus to a laboratory. This test is called a throat culture. It can take up to 2 days to learn the results of a strep culture.

The rapid strep test and the culture can tell your doctor if you have strep throat. If something else is causing your sore throat, these tests do not tell what it is.

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Strep Throat And Antibiotics

While many sore throats stem from viruses, which you cant treat or cure with medicine, strep throat results from bacteria. That means you must treat them with an antibiotic. So, it is essential to know what antibiotic is used for strep throat. Viruses heal independently and wont respond to antibiotics or other drugs. However, to treat infections caused by bacteria, antibiotics are necessary.

Additionally, you should never have medicines left over from an earlier illness. Its essential to take the entire regimen of medication. And dont give leftover medicine to anyone else, especially children. Leftover antibiotics can cause serious side effects and make strep throat harder to treat.

What Is A Sore Throat

When do I need antibiotics for a sore throat?

Sore throats can be painful and annoying. But most of the time they go away on their own. It may take a few days or up to a week, depending on the cause.

Most sore throats are caused by a virus, such as a cold. A bacterial infection can also cause a sore throat.

If you have a sudden, severe sore throat without coughing, sneezing, or other cold symptoms, you could have strep throat. Strep throat is a bacterial infection of the throat and tonsils. About 1 out of 10 sore throats in adults is caused by strep throat. This means that 9 out of 10 sore throats aren’t strep.

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Antibiotic Overuse And Superbugs

Overusing antibiotics is contributing to the growing number of drug-resistant superbugs. Strep throat is easily managed because the bacteria is easily killed by common antibiotics. But when antibiotics are used when they arent needed, certain viruses and bacteria can learn to resist the drugs. Creating illnesses that are more difficult to treat, or require stronger medication with a greater risk of side effects.

Strep throat complications are serious and a real concern, which is why testing and diagnosing all Strep throat infections, whether theyre symptomatic or not, is critical.

What Is Strep Infection

Streptococcal infections are a group of diseases caused by a gram-positive bacteria called Streptococci.

Streptococci are more common than you think. Not only they live around us, but they also colonize the throat, mouth, skin and mucous membranes of virtually all people.

Under normal circumstances, these bacteria will not hurt you, but if your immune system gets weak or you encounter a strain of bacteria that you are not used to, you may develop respiratory, skin, brain and even middle ear infections.

Many people think strep infection is just strep throat, but it’s not true. Streptococci may also cause very severe, life-threatening diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis, flesh-eating disease, or streptococcal toxic shock syndrome .

Other examples of disorders caused by streptococci include impetigo, erysipelas, middle ear inflammation or tooth decay.

Here is an overview of common diseases caused by streptococci .

  • Alpha-hemolytic streptococci: Streptococcus pneumonie and Viridans streptococci
  • Streptococcus pneumonie: sinusitis , meningitis, otitis media , peritonitis.
  • Viridans streptococci: tooth decay and mild infections in the mouth
  • Beta-hemolytic streptococci: Group A and Group B
  • Group A beta-hemolytic strep infection : strep throat , impetigo, scarlet fever, toxic shock syndrome, pneumonia, necrotizing fasciitis . Complications include rheumatic fever, glomerulonephritis, and PANDAS .
  • The summary

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    Living With Strep Throat

    Strep throat is an infection that typically comes and goes, especially when youre younger. If you have recurring strep throat, it could be that someone in your family is a carrier of strep. Carriers have the strep bacteria in their throats, but it does not make them sick. Treating carriers can help prevent the spread of strep.

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