What Is Periodontal Disease In Dogs
Periodontal disease in dogs is a progressive disease caused by bacteria in the mouth that damages the gums, bone, and other supporting structures of the teeth.
Since this disease lurks below the gums, in many cases, visible signs of gum disease in dogs are not present until the disease is very advanced. Due to this, its very important to begin preventative dental care for your dog at an early age.
When Are Antibiotics Used For A Tooth Infection
Tooth infections dont always require antibiotics. In many cases, they may clear up on their own. Rinsing with warm saltwater or taking over-the-counter medicines, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , may help to reduce tooth pain and swelling.
The American Dental Association recommends that dentists avoid prescribing antibiotics for most tooth infections due to potential side effects. Dental treatments, such as drainage, deep cleaning, or a root canal , may sometimes be necessary.
However, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics if you are immunocompromised or if your tooth infection is spreading. Some of the signs that your tooth infection is getting worse may include:
- Swelling in the jaw or neck
- Intense pain or swelling that does not go away
If left untreated, a tooth infection may spread to the surrounding bones and tissues. This can lead to serious health complications, including:
If you have a severe tooth infection, your dentist may prescribe a course of antibiotics to prevent it from spreading. Antibiotics may prevent tooth loss and other serious health complications.
Hot Or Cold Compresses
Applying a hot or cold compress can help reduce swelling, which can relieve pain in the gums.
To make a hot compress for the gums, dip a clean cloth into hot, but not scalding, water. Wring out the excess water, then press the cloth against the area of the cheek or lip that covers the painful part of the gums.
To make a cold compress, use an ice pack wrapped in a clean cloth.
Learn about other ways to make a cold compress here.
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Can I Get Antibiotics Without Seeing A Doctor
You can not get oral antibiotics, such as amoxicillin and penicillin, without talking to a doctor. That said, you are able to get antibiotics without seeing a doctor in person.
A video or phone call is a great way to get prescribed antibiotics from the comfort of your home. During an online consultation, the doctor will diagnose your infection and determine an appropriate treatment method, including antibiotics if necessary. Your antibiotic prescription will be electronically sent to your local pharmacy for pick up.
How Is Trench Mouth Diagnosed
A dentist can usually diagnose trench mouth during an examination. Your dentist may gently prod your gums to see how easily they bleed when poked. They may also order X-rays to see if the infection has spread to the bone beneath your gums.
Your doctor may check for other symptoms, such as fever or fatigue. They might also draw your blood to check for other, possibly undiagnosed conditions. HIV infection and other immune problems can promote the growth of bacteria in your mouth.
Trench mouth can typically be cured in a matter of weeks with treatment. Treatment will include:
- antibiotics to stop the infection from spreading further
- pain relievers
- professional cleaning from a dental hygienist
- proper ongoing oral hygiene
Brushing and flossing your teeth thoroughly twice a day are important for controlling the symptoms of trench mouth. Warm salt water rinses and rinsing with hydrogen peroxide can ease the pain of inflamed gums and also help remove dead tissue.
Its also recommended that you avoid smoking and eating hot or spicy foods while your gums heal.
Regular and effective dental care is crucial for preventing trench mouth from returning. While the condition rarely has serious side effects, ignoring symptoms can lead to potentially serious complications. These can include:
- tooth loss
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What Are The Common Side Effects Of Medicine For A Dental Abscess
Different classes of medications have different side effects. However, this is not a complete list, and you should consult with a healthcare professional for possible side effects and drug interactions based on your specific situation.
Oral antibiotics typically can cause upset stomach, intestinal problems, and loss of appetite. Allergic reactions are a concern. Allergies to various types of antibiotics are common and could be severe. About 1 in 15 people are allergic to antibiotics.
NSAIDs are the pain relief medication of choice for dental abscesses. They are widely available, inexpensive, and safe. The major possible issues with NSAIDs are gastrointestinal side effects including stomach problems, ulcers, gastrointestinal bleeding, and stomach pain. NSAIDs are known to cause kidney failure and can precipitate heart disease in elderly patients. All NSAIDs interfere with the bloods ability to form blood clots, so bleeding and bruising are common problems.
Phase Ii: The Surgical Phase
If the more conservative treatments werent effective, treatments will move into the surgical phase. This will likely happen if the pockets of infection or plaque and tartar are too deep to clean. This phase will be assessed somewhere between four and eight weeks after the initial treatment.
Surgery could include leveling shallow bone defects or using regenerative surgical techniques for deep bone defects. The goal of these surgeries is to remove the pockets of space between the teeth and the bone that can be broken down or destroyed with periodontal disease. This, in turn, will eliminate the room for bacteria, plaque, and tartar to fester.
Surgery can be done under general anesthesia and many people dont feel pain after the surgery. Most will miss only one day of work.
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Improve Painful Gums With These Remedies
Simple home remedies such as salt water rinses, cold compresses, turmeric paste, tea tree oil, amongst other can help you soothe gum pain.
If nothing works, you should visit a professional.
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What To Look For
There are several symptoms of gum disease, some that you can see and some you have to just be aware of. Maybe you have noticed that you have a bad taste in your mouth or you have bad breath even when you havent eaten onions or garlic.
Or maybe your gums are swollen or red and tender and bleed easily, especially when you are flossingyou are flossing for that essential deep cleaning, arent you? Have you noticed white spots on your gums or do your gums look like they are pulling away from your teeth?
All of these are signs of various stages of periodontal disease. But why is it happening?
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Salt Water Treatment For Gingivitis
The results of a showed that using a salt water rinse can be very beneficial in healing gums inflamed by gingivitis. Salt is a natural disinfectant that helps your body to heal itself.
Salt water may also:
- relieve bad breath
To use a salt water rinse:
Using a salt water rinse too often or for too long could have negative effects on tooth enamel. Long-term use may cause your teeth to erode because of the mixtures acidic properties.
If the salt water rinse isnt relieving your symptoms, it may be time to try a more advanced mouthwash.
Remember, you should never swallow mouthwash. Be sure to spit the mixture out after swishing it around your mouth.
Although there are over-the-counter and prescription mouth washes for gingivitis, you might want to try a homemade mouthwash first.
Do I Need A Prescription For Antibiotics
There are many topical antibiotic creams used for minor cuts, scrapes and burns that do not require a prescription. If you are looking for oral antibiotics you will need a prescription from a doctor.
Oral antibiotics are prescribed to either treat or prevent an infection. If being used to prevent infection, once it is clear that there is no infection, the antibiotic should be discontinued as directed by your physician
However, if a known source of infection is confirmed, then antibiotic treatment should be completed for the full course of antibiotic therapy.
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How To Prevent Gum Infection
Maintaining healthy gums and avoiding infection can be easy if you make oral hygiene a priority every day. By brushing and flossing daily, you can significantly reduce your risk of gum disease and infected gums, in addition to tooth decay and other oral health problems. Start a diligent routine and stick to it, and you will benefit from these healthy habits.
- Brushing twice a day. Brush your teeth with a fluoride toothpaste such as any of the Crest Gum Detoxify toothpastes twice a day. These anti-gingivitis toothpastes gently neutralize the bacteria trapped around the gum line leading to clinically proven healthier gums.
- Floss your teeth daily. Be sure to get in between each and every tooth to remove food particles that cause plaque and tartar build-up, and can eventually lead to infected gums.
- Use an anti-gingivitis mouthwash You may also want to use a mouthwash that kills the bacteria that causes plaque. There are a variety available and some have more than one benefit for a healthier mouth all around.
- Visit a dental professional at least twice a year for a professional cleaning This will remove tartar buildup that you cant take care of at home. Tartar buildup can lead to more plaque buildup on and around the tartar in hard to clean areas which can be bad for your gums.
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What Are Antibiotics Used For Infected Gums
Antibiotics Used for Gum Infection Doxycycline. Doxycycline is an antibiotic in the class of tetracycline antibiotics. It works by preventing the growth and spread of bacteria. Chlorhexidine. Chlorhexidine is an antimicrobial agent thats effective against a wide range of bacteria. Minocycline. Minocycline belongs to the tetracycline group of antibiotics.
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What Is The Best Antibiotic For A Toothache
A toothache caused by infection can be treated in various ways depending on the severity, location, and general health of the patient. In cases of severe infections that cant be treated by root canal or tooth extraction alone, your dentist may prescribe an antibioticusually amoxicillin, or metronidazole in the case of a penicillin allergy.
An Adjunct To Scaling And Root Planing
Studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of combining minocycline gel with regular periodontal treatment. Follow-up visits for periodontal treatment will result in less bleeding on probing and less inflammation when minocycline 2% gel is used as an adjunct treatment. Although has not been extensive research done on minocycline gel as a monotherapy, it has been shown to work well when combined with regular scaling and root planing. Instrumentation alone is not likely to remove all pathogens in infected pockets, which makes minocycline 2% gel an effective way to manage periodontal disease between office visits.
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How Much Should I Take And For How Long
Most of the time, you will need to take antibiotics for about one week. Depending on the kind of antibiotic, you may require to take a portion two to four times each day.
Your doctor should give instructions on how to take the antibiotic. Or you can inquire the pharmacist if you are uncertain about how to take a medication.
Furthermore, keep in mind to always take the entire set of antibiotics given by your dentist, even if the issue seems to vanish. If you neglect to take the whole course, some bacteria might survive, making it difficult to treat the infection.
What Happens When You Have Periodontitis
Periodontitis causes your gums to become very inflamed. They may turn red, swell and bleed. The inflammation is so severe that pockets of air also develop between your gums and teeth.
Bacteria enter and flourish in these pockets, leading to infection below the gum line. Your immune system then starts to fight the infection. It eventually breaks down the tissue and bone holding teeth in place. This response can lead to the loss of teeth.
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Can A Tooth Abscess Go Away On Its Own
A tooth abscess is a specific type of dental abscess called a periapical abscess. It starts as an infection inside the tooth and moves into the area below the tooth. It will not go away on its own. If the abscess ruptures, youll feel immediate pain relief, but you should still seek dental treatment for the underlying infection.
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How Dental Biofilm/plaque Causes Periodontal Disease
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Rationale For Antibiotic Therapy
The rationale for pharmacological agents in management of aggressive forms of periodontal disease is eliminating the initiating factors and diseased tissues by conventional therapy and augmenting it with systemic pharmacological agents to eliminate the pathogens left in the tissues. It is to be emphasized, in such cases, that use of antibiotics is as important as the conventional therapy. Mechanical treatment may not predictably eliminate putative pathogens such as A. actinomycetemcomitans from sub-gingival area due to them being inaccessible to mechanical intervention, especially in areas such as root concavities, furcation, and their ability to invade periodontal tissues and dentinal tubules. Persistence in non-dental areas such as dorsum of tongue or tonsils is again an important area of concern.
While the use of antibiotics in periodontal treatment will probably always be controversial, reports from both the American Academy of Periodontology and the European Federation of Periodontology contain valuable guidance for their use. Both these reports, following exhaustive literature searches, determined that patients with aggressive periodontitis appear to benefit from the adjunctive use of systemic antibiotics during treatment.
Find A Dentist Near You
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However, there are effective and science-backed toothache remedies to use for immediate toothache relief while waiting for an appointment.
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Drugs Used To Treat Gum Disease
Antibiotic treatments can be used either in combination with surgery and other therapies, or alone, to reduce or temporarily eliminate the bacteria associated with gum disease or suppress the destruction of the tooth’s attachment to the bone.
Chlorhexidine is an antimicrobial used to control plaque and gingivitis in the mouth or in periodontal pockets. The medication is available as a mouth rinse or as a gelatin-filled chip that is placed in pockets after root planing and releases the medication slowly over about 7 days. Other antibiotics, including doxycycline, tetracycline, and minocyclineÃ may also be used to treat gum disease, as determined by your dentist.
Other treatment options for gum disease include
Toothpaste. Some nonprescription toothpastes that are marked as antibacterial may contain fluoride and an antibiotic called triclosan to reduce plaque and gingivitis.Ã
Lasers. Check the Academy of Laser Dentistry for information.
How Does Deep Cleaning Treat Periodontitis
During a deep cleaning, your provider removes plaque. Providers use methods called scaling and root planing, which they may do with a laser:
- Scaling scrapes off the tartar from above and below the gum line.
- Root planing gets rid of the rough spots on the roots of the teeth. It helps remove the bacteria that cause periodontitis.
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Types Of Antibiotics For Bacterial Infections
A dental abscess may spread to the jaw or to the orbital area of your eyes. If that happens, you can also visit an eye specialist to know the right antibiotics you need to take. As a matter of fact, it is essential to use appropriate antibiotics in each situation, even though antibiotics can help clear infection.
Usually, your dentist may recommend topical or oral antibiotics, depending on your condition. This is because various antibiotics work in different ways to eliminate disease-causing bacteria.
In any case, here are some systemic or topical antibiotics that can help treat infection in your mouth.
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