What Types Of Health Care Professionals Treat Staph Infections
Staph infections may initially be treated by primary care practitioners including pediatricians, internists, and family medicine doctors. An emergency medicine specialist may treat the patient if he or she seeks care in an emergency department or urgent care center. Sometimes with skin infections, people seek treatment from a dermatologist. For more severe infections, bloodstream infections, or infections of the internal organs, a number of medical specialists may be required, including infectious disease specialists, cardiologists, critical care specialists, pulmonologists, and surgeons.
What Types Of Diseases Are Caused By Staph What Are The Different Types Of Staph Infections
Skin infections are the most common type of disease produced by Staphylococcus. Staph infections of the skin can progress to impetigo or cellulitis . In rare situations, a serious complication known as scalded skin syndrome can develop. In breastfeeding women, staph can result in mastitis or in abscess of the breast. Staphylococcal breast abscesses can release bacteria into the mother’s milk.
Which Antibiotics Should You Avoid
MRSA is currently immune to the following types of antibiotics:
- Penicillin class antibiotics including: Methicillin, Penicillin, and Amoxicillin
- First generation Cephalosporins such as cefazolin, cephalothin and cephalexin. These are a Penicillin-like class of antibiotics and they may be used for non-resistant Staph aureus infections or mild cases of MRSA.
- Resistance has been growing in many other classes of antibiotics as well including Vancoymcin.
Per the CDC and other research studies, these antibiotics are not good choices because MRSA develops resistance to them quickly. Other options should be considered first:
- Fluoroquinolone class antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin
- Macrolide class antibiotics such as erythromycin, clarithromycin and azithromycine.
Importantly, Fluoroquinolones can have very severe side-effects and have been associated with myelosuppression, temporary and permanent neuropathy and lactic acidosis during prolonged therapy. They also have some of the highest risks for causing colonization with either MRSA or C. difficile.
Independent Side Effects Listing. RxISK.org is a free, independent drug safety website where you can research your antibiotic for ALL of the side effects that actual people are experiencing. You can also report your side-effects. .
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Treating Staph Food Poisoning
Staph food poisoning is caused by toxins produced by the bacteria, not by the bacteria itself.
Symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, and stomach cramps, typically develop within 30 minutes to eight hours of consuming a contaminated food, and are best treated by drinking fluids. If necessary, your doctor can prescribe anti-nausea medication, and severe illness may require intravenous fluids.
The toxins do not respond to antibiotics.
Antibiotics For Staph Infection
Antibiotics work by killing bacteria. Since the first antibiotic, penicillin, was discovered in the 1920s, hundreds have become available for use. But even as more antibiotics have been developed, certain disease-causing bacteria have become resistant to commonly used antibiotics, meaning those antibiotics are no longer effective at treating infections caused by those bacteria.
Staphylococcus aureus, the most common type of staph, is notorious for developing resistance to antibiotics.
But luckily for those with staph infections, a number of antibiotics are still effective against it. Some are applied topically to the skin or the insides of the nose, some are taken orally, and some are given as an injection or intravenous infusion.
Your doctor will choose an antibiotic for you based on the location of your infection, how serious it is, and, sometimes, the type of staph you have. In some situations, you might be given a combination of several different antibiotics.
Some commonly used antibiotics for staph include :
Although side effects will depend on the specific medicine you take, antibiotics may cause:
- Yeast infections
If youre given an oral antibiotic, be sure to follow the instructions on the product label carefully. Some antibiotics should be taken on an empty stomach, but others can be taken with food, which can help reduce any stomach irritation caused by the drug.
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What Are The Risk Factors For Staph Infection
You are more likely to get a staph infection if you:
- Have an open cut or sore
- Inject medicines or illegal drugs
- Have a medical tube such as urinary catheter or feeding tube
- Have a medical device inside your body such as an artificial joint
- Have a weakened immune system or ongoing illness
- Live with or have close contact with a person who has staph
- Play contact sports or share athletic equipment
- Recently stayed in a hospital or long-term care facility
Superbug Staph Spread In Community
CA-MRSA infections have increased dramatically in the U.S. since the mid-1990s.
Community-associated MRSA infections usually affect the skin, causing pimples and boils in otherwise healthy people. Infected areas may be red, swollen, painful, and have pus or other drainage.
How Do Staph Infections Spread
Staph bacteria can spread:
- when someone touches a contaminated surface
- from person to person, especially in group living situations . Usually this happens when people with skin infections share personal things like bed linens, towels, or clothing.
- from one area of their body to another, via dirty hands or fingernails
Warm, humid environments can contribute to staph infections, so excessive sweating can increase someone’s chances of developing an infection. People with skin problems like burns or eczema may be more likely to get staph skin infections.
Top 4 Antibiotic Treatments For Internal Or Severe Infections
Hospitalized patients with more complicated or severe forms of infections are often prescribed one of the following four antibiotics. These infections can include deep soft-tissue infections, surgical infections, major abscesses, wound infections and burn patients.
Oftentimes a broad-spectrum antibiotic is used in conjunction with the following antibiotics. Most options below use intravenous methods of delivering antibiotics into the body. A picc line may be used for prolonged treatment.
1. Intravenous Vancomycin
Vancomycin is often called an antibiotic of last resort for MRSA, though resistance against it has been growing. Vancomycin requires IV administration into a vein and can occasionally have severe side effects. Duration of treatment can last weeks to months. Tissue penetration is variable and it has limited penetration into bone. Its often prescribed for pneumonia .
- Resistance: Some strains of MRSA are now becoming resistant to Vancomycin, with one strain called VRSA .
- Side Effects and Precautions: Serious side effects can include ringing in ears, diarrhea, and hearing problems. Like most antibiotics, it can cause secondary infections like thrush or yeast infections. Because this medication is eliminated through the kidneys, it could cause kidney problems in the elderly or those with impaired kidney function.
2. Oral or Intravenous Linezolid
See the skin infection above for more info.
3. Intravenous Daptomycin
4. Oral or Intravenous Clindamycin
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Surgical Treatment For Skin And Internal Staph Infections
Surgery may be necessary to empty a wound, abscess, or boil. A doctor will make an incision in the sore to drain it. Sometimes extra fluid is also taken out of an infected joint.
Additionally, some people might need certain devices, such as artificial grafts, pacemakers, heart valves, or prosthetics, surgically removed if they develop a staph infection.
When Should I See My Doctor
See your doctor if:
- you have an infection an area of red, irritated or painful skin, or blisters filled with pus
- you have a fever
- the infection is getting worse or spreading
- it lasts more than a week
- you have a weakened immune system
- you keep getting staph infections
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What Is A Staph Infection Of The Skin
A staph infection is caused by a Staphylococcus bacteria. Actually, about 25% of people normally carry staph in the nose, mouth, genitals, or anal area, and donât have symptoms of an infection. The foot is also very prone to picking up bacteria from the floor. The infection often begins with a little cut, which gets infected with bacteria. This can look like honey-yellow crusting on the skin.
These staph infections range from a simple boil to antibiotic-resistant infections to flesh-eating infections. The difference between all these is the strength of the infection, how deep it goes, how fast it spreads, and how treatable it is with antibiotics. The antibiotic-resistant infections are more common in North America, because of our overuse of antibiotics.
One type of staph infection that involves skin is called cellulitis and affects the skin’s deeper layers. It is treatable with antibiotics.
This type of infection is very common in the general population — and more common and more severe in people with weak immune systems. People who have diabetes or weakened immunity are particularly prone to developing cellulitis.
Can Staph Infections Be Prevented
A couple of recent outbreaks among football players began when one team member had a boil and the infection was spread to other team members. You can take steps to help prevent staph infections. Any time you have a cut or skin breakdown, wash it with soap and water, over-the- counter hypochlorous acid or chlorhexadine, keep it clean and dry, and keep it covered. A diluted bleach bath twice a week may be helpful to prevent staph skin infections.
A staph infection is contagious if the wound is weeping or draining and if people share towels or other items that are contaminated. Wearing foot coverings in locker rooms and other commonly used areas can help prevent contamination.
If the sore becomes unusually painful or red, get prompt medical attention. If red lines develop, that’s a sign the infection is spreading and needs immediate medical attention.
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How Is A Mrsa Infection Diagnosed
It is important for patients to seek medical treatment or consult a doctor as soon as possible for any infection, and especially if MRSA is suspected. Soft-tissue infections can vary greatly in size, severity, and location. Meaning, a patient may only have a short window of time for easy, effective treatment. Its a good idea to keep an eye out for any MRSA symptoms, especially after a hospital stay. Because MRSA is a staph infection, the early symptoms look the same as other skin infections. You may notice a skin infection that resembles a spider bite, large pimple, or a red and painful bump. However, when you begin to develop a fever or the skin infection fills with pus, then it is time to see a doctor.
Since MRSA can present in a variety of ways, the way you are diagnosed will vary. If you have a staph infection or cellulitis then a healthcare provider will likely look at the infected area and collect a sample. Some healthcare providers have access to tests that provide them with accurate results within a matter of hours, while many others may require 48 hours for lab processing. You may also need to provide a nasal secretion sample so that your healthcare provider can check for antibiotic resistance.
Infections Caused By Golden Staph
- boils and abscesses infections of the skin
- impetigo a highly contagious, crusty skin infection that may affect newborn babies and schoolchildren.
- meningitis infection of the membranes lining the brain
- osteomyelitis infection of the bone and bone marrow
- pneumonia infection of one or both lungs
- endocarditis infection of the heart valves.
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What Are Common Side Effects Of Mrsa Medication
Generally speaking, MRSA medications tend to have similar risk factors and side effects. This is because antibiotics are the primary form of treatment for MRSA. Stomach upset, nausea, and diarrhea can occur when taking antibiotics, especially when they are taken on an empty stomach. Some antibiotics used for MRSA treatment can have side effects such as itching, headache, rash, joint pain, and a metallic taste in the mouth. These side effects are not as common but can still occur. If you notice any serious side effects you should contact your doctor immediately. These are not all of the possible side effects of MRSA medications.
What Is A Staph Infection
Staphylococcal infection, commonly called staph infection, are caused by a genus of bacteria called Staphylococcus. There are more than 30 strains of Staphylococcus bacteria and the most common human pathogen is Staphylococcus aureus. Doctors prescribe antibiotics to treat staphylococcal infection. In severe cases, staph infection can cause serious health complications and death.
How Can I Prevent Staph Infection
Prevention depends on the type of infection. To reduce your risk of a staph infection, you should follow these tips:
- Skin: To prevent a staph infection of the skin, you should practice good hygiene, keep cuts clean, and wash your hands and body often. Avoid sharing towels and personal items with others.
- Food poisoning: You can reduce your risk of food poisoning by handling food safely, ensuring that it is cooked properly, and refrigerating perishable food within 2 hours.
- Toxic shock syndrome: You should change tampons every 4 to 8 hours and use tampons with the lowest effective absorbency.
- Mastitis: Breastfeeding women should try to empty the breast completely during every feeding. Whenever possible, let nipples air dry.
What Is The Prognosis For Staph Infections
The prognosis or outcome of staph infections depends upon the type of infection that is present as well as other factors such as the extent to which the infection has spread and the underlying medical condition of the patient. Skin infections and superficial infections, in general, are readily cured with antibiotics. In rare cases, these infections may spread and cause complications, including sepsis . It is important to remember that even after taking antibiotics for a staph infection you can still develop a repeat infection.
Widespread infections such as sepsis have a more guarded prognosis mortality rates range from 20%-40% in cases of Staph aureus infection of the bloodstream. Before antibiotics were available, about 80% of people with S. aureus sepsis died from complications of the condition. People with suppressed immune systems are at increased risk for developing more serious infections.
Staphylococcal food poisoning typically resolves on its own without long-term complications.
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Mrsa Uti Treatment: Natural And Antibiotic Therapies
Cranberry extracts have been proven to inhibit Staph aureus and MRSA, and may speed MRSA UTI recovery when combined with either antibiotics or natural remedies.
Antibiotic treatments are the norm when dealing with MRSA urinary tract infections. However, many people find that antibiotics do not help, and they need a different kind of MRSA UTI treatment in order to get better.
Additionally, many primary care doctors will prescribe a broad spectrum antibiotic for any UTI or bladder infection without getting the proper testing done first. Using first line broad spectrum antibiotics for UTI infections is now linked to antibiotic resistance for these primary care treatments.
Fortunately for many, there are natural and supportive supplements and therapies you can add to your current antibiotic treatment to increase your chance for success. Or, if your current antibiotic treatments arent working, natural therapies may be your answer.
Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome
Children with staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome generally need to be treated in the hospital with antibiotics, intravenous fluids, skin creams or ointments, and pain medicines.
Because SSSS causes large areas of skin to peel off, similar to a scalding burn, kids with this condition are often treated in the burn unit or intensive care unit of the hospital.
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Which Antibiotic Is Best For Staph Infection
. Also asked, what antibiotics cover staph?
Antibiotics commonly prescribed to treat staph infections include certain cephalosporins, nafcillin or related antibiotics, sulfa drugs, or vancomycin. Vancomycin increasingly is required to treat serious staph infections because so many strains of staph bacteria have become resistant to other traditional medicines.
Also, is amoxicillin good for staph infection? Penicillins with a beta-lactamase-inhibitor such as amoxicillin + clavulonic acid may be used to treat Staph. aureus infections and are sometimes effective against bacteria resistant to flucloxacillin.
Furthermore, how do you get rid of a staph infection fast?
How do you treat a staph infection at home?
Most small staph skin infections can be treated at home:
How Common Is Staph Infection
There are millions of skin staph infections in the United States every year. Most of these cases are mild and treated with antibiotics. It is common for the Staphylococcus bacteria to live on the skin or in the nose of healthy people. The bacteria only cause problems when they make their way inside the body. However, there are many thousands of serious cases of S. aureus infection in the United States every year.
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Can Mrsa Be Treated Without Antibiotics
A doctor can treat mild MRSA infections without antibiotics. Some doctors may lance, meaning carefully pop, and clean the area that has been infected, without using any antibiotics. You may also be able to treat mild infections with at-home remedies such as apple cider vinegar. However, the effectiveness of at-home treatments cannot be guaranteed, so always consult your doctor before deciding on a treatment plan.