Taking Antibiotics For Oral Infections
For dental infections, dentists will often prescribe penicillin or amoxicillin, explains Merck Manuals. Clindamycin is also a commonly prescribed alternative for those allergic to penicillin. Your dentist will be sure to identify the right dose and duration of medication for your particular situation. Because over-prescription of antibiotics can sometimes lead to more resistant strains of bacteria, your dentist will also take antibiotic resistance into consideration when they prescribe your dose, as the ADA explains.
It’s important to take the full course of pills exactly as your dentist prescribes for the best outcome. Just remember, even if the pain resolves, you’ll likely still need further treatment to fully restore your tooth.
How Antibiotics Work And Why They Help With Tooth Infections
Bacteria are the most common life form on Earth . They are single-cell organisms and they are everywhere. For example, bacteria outweigh all of the plants and animals put together. Theyre in our soil, air and water. Bacteria are also able to survive and thrive in very tough environments like radioactive waste and hot springs.
They play a very important role in all aspects of life. Bacteria are the only organisms able to produce vitamin B12, which is essential to almost all animals. All plant life needs nitrates, which get converted from nitrogen by bacteria. Bacteria are in all of us as well, as part of our gut flora, they help us by making different vitamins and protecting us from pathogens, like fungi and other bacteria which invade the gut.
So most of them are harmless and necessary for sustaining life, but not all bacteria play the role of good guys. They can be harmful as well, capable of infecting all kinds of life forms, including humans. They are the cause of many diseases, like tuberculosis and tetanus. Most food poisonings are caused by bacteria, as well as all tooth decay.
Cautions With Other Medicines
There are some medicines that do not mix well with amoxicillin.
Tell your doctor if you’re taking any of these medicines before you start taking amoxicillin:
- methotrexate, used to treat arthritis and psoriasis
- warfarin, a medicine to prevent blood clots
- gout medicines called probenecid or allopurinol
- other antibiotics
Tell your doctor if you’ve recently had, or are due to have, an oral typhoid vaccine. Amoxicillin can make it less effective.
Read Also: Can I Buy Antibiotics At The Store
How Long Do I Need To Take Antibiotics For
No matter which kind of antibiotic suits you and your tooth infection best, its crucial to complete the full round of treatment.Sometimes, your symptoms may improve after a day or two. However, if the dentist or pharmacist recommends that you take it for an entire week, dont stop.
Taking antibiotics even though your symptoms disappeared can help ensure that the infection is truly healed and wont return.
The only reason you should stop taking a form of prescribed antibiotics is if youre having an allergic reaction to them. Even then, you should consult your dentist before you make a switch.
How To Prevent Antibiotic Resistance
Some dentists frequently prescribe antibiotics to their patients, even for diseases that can’t be treated with antibiotics.
To stop the spread of drug-resistant bacterial strains, dentists should only prescribe antibiotics to control known local infections, and not just when some inflammation is visible. Additionally, prophylactic use should be limited and only in cases when there are infections.
Patients also have a role to play to stop antibiotic resistance. A couple of things patients should do include:
- Ask questions: Ask your dentist or doctor about the antibiotics they are giving you and why you need it for your treatment.
- Don’t demand antibiotics: Never demand antibiotics from your doctor if they say they aren’t necessary.
- Don’t use old antibiotics: Don’t share or use old or leftover antibiotics only take them when prescribed by your doctor.
In the video below, Dr. Tamisha Denis talks all about the dental antibiotics for tooth infection and in dentistry, including when they should be prescribed, and when they shouldn’t.
Complications Secondary To Pericoronitis
Is it possible for pericoronitis to compound and become life-threatening? In theory, it is possible. Any infection that occurs inside the oral cavity can be much harder to resolve because the mouth is a breeding ground for bacterial proliferation. It is also because of this that wounds in the oral cavity take much longer to heal.
When pericoronitis isnt properly addressed, or when the individual doesnt respond to antibiotic treatment, its possible for an infection to spread to other parts of the body. As there are quite a number of blood vessels in the oral cavity, its not impossible for an infection to transfer to the blood.
Infected blood that circulates the system is known as a life-threatening condition. When infectious material makes it way to the different organs of your system, your body can surrender and undergo septic shock.
Proper treatment of the initial infection should help prevent these complications. Its also important to keep a close eye on the infection to detect whether or not its responding well to treatment. If not, urgently seeking the advice of a health professional is imperative in order to formulate a solution that will work for your case.
Dentist Group Says Antibiotics Not Needed For Most Toothaches
4 Min Read
– In most cases, adults dont need to take antibiotics for a toothache, according to new guidelines from the American Dental Association .
Even though patients with toothaches are often prescribed antibiotics to help ease symptoms and prevent worsening of the problem, healthy adults should generally have dental treatment instead of antibiotics, according to the ADA guidance published in the Journal of the American Dental Association.
Antibiotics should not be used until an infection progresses enough that it can no longer be treated with only dental treatment like a nonsurgical root canal, said Peter Lockhart, chair of the ADA expert panel that developed the guidelines and a research professor at Carolinas Medical Center – Atrium Health in Charlotte, North Carolina. Signs and symptoms of this progression include fever, swollen lymph nodes, facial swelling and extreme tiredness.
These recommendations apply to healthy adults, and are not intended to stop antibiotic use altogether, according to the ADA guidelines. The intent is to minimize overuse and the rise of more antibiotic-resistant infections by limiting antibiotic use to cases when these drugs are absolutely necessary.
Dental pain and swelling are the most common reason that patients go to the emergency room or doctors office for oral health problems, according to the ADA. Patients may have occasional sharp pain and a fever, or they might experience constant dull or severe pain.
You May Like: Can You Buy Antibiotics For Dogs Over The Counter
Preventing Dental Infections With Good Dental Health
Preventing infections from occurring in your mouth will help you reduce your risk of developing sepsis. Usual recommendations are to visit your dentist twice a year for up-to-date x-rays, exams, and dental cleanings.
Good oral hygiene is the first basic step in promoting good dental health and preventing infections. Children should learn these habits early on to help them keep healthy mouths and teeth.
- Brush your teeth thoroughly at least twice a day.
- Floss your teeth at least once a day.
- Dont over brush brushing too hard or with too hard a brush can damage your teeth. Ask your dental hygienist for the best way for you to brush your teeth.
- Dont use your teeth to open packaging, break string, etc. Your teeth are strong, but they are for chewing food, not hard objects. These can crack, chip, or break teeth.
- Visit your dental office at least twice a year for a thorough cleaning and check up.
- If you have had dental work, watch for any signs of infection and contact your dentist if you experience any of the signs listed above.
Antibiotic Prophylaxis To Treat Local Infection
There are various surgical procedures and medical conditions that are routinely covered by systemic antimicrobials which include impacted third molars, orthognathic surgery, implant surgery, periapical surgery, benign tumorsurgery and immunocompromised patients. The service of antibiotics in endodontics should be indicated for patients with signs of local infection and fever. Evidence shows prescribing antibiotics after removal of impacted third molars reduce the severity of postoperative pain,. Abu-Taa et al compared the benefits of pre- and post-operative antibiotics in patients undergoing periodontal surgery. Pertaining to the post operative antibiotics, remarkable reduction in the post operative discomfort was noticed. Amoxicillin 2 000 mg for five days at a suitable dose and interval helps to cover the treatment requirements after third molar surgery. Studies show a decrease in postoperative infection, following the use of antibiotics after orthognathic surgery,. Danda et al evaluated the prophylactic value of single-dose antibiotic prophylaxis on postoperative infection in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery, compared to single-day antibiotics. The documented results were clinically significant.
Also Check: Can Antibiotics Cancel Out Birth Control
Dental Trauma And Infection
If your older child’s teeth become dislodged due to trauma, the dentist may prescribe tetracycline.
However, tetracycline can cause permanent tooth discoloring when a child’s dentin is still being formed, also called tetracycline teeth, so children under 12 will be prescribed something else in most cases, like penicillin V or amoxicillin. Topical antibiotics may also be used to help with gum healing.
Amoxicillin For A Tooth Infection: Benefits & Side Effects
Are you experiencing a jaw ache, toothache, swollen gums, or pain when you chew?
If so, you may have a tooth infection. Also known as a dental abscess, a tooth infection occurs when bacteria infects either gum tissue or the area around the tooths root.
An abscessed tooth may occur after dental work, or it may stem from poor oral health.
A tooth infection can be treated in different ways depending on its severity, and its important to seek care from a dentist or doctor, who can recommend the proper management.
One way dentists treat a tooth infection is with antibiotics, a type of medication that stops bacterial growth.
Amoxicillin, a penicillin class antibiotic, treats many types of bacterial infections, including tooth infections. It typically helps to resolve tooth infection symptoms within a few days, but as with all medications, amoxicillin may also cause side effects.
Make sure to talk to your healthcare provider if youre experiencing unwanted side effects, or if your tooth infection isnt improving or is getting worse with treatment.
In this article, Ill cover the benefits of taking amoxicillin for a tooth infection.
Ill outline the dosage youll take, how long it will take for the antibiotics to work, and potential side effects.
Home Care To Relieve Ear Pain
If you have ear pain, itâs a good idea to talk with your doctor about it.
Thereâs little research to say whether or not home care works, but most doctors agree these treatments are safe to try yourself:
A cool or warm compress. Soak a washcloth in either cool or warm water, wring it out, and then put it over the ear thats bothering you. Try both temperatures to see if one helps you more than the other.
A heating pad: Lay your painful ear on a warm, not hot, heating pad.
Over-the-counter ear drops with pain relievers. If they help at all, itâs only briefly. You shouldnât use these drops if your eardrum has a tear or hole, so check with your doctor first.
Chew gum. If youâre on an airplane or driving at high altitudes and your ear pain is from the change in air pressure, chew some gum. It can help lower that pressure and ease your symptoms.
Sleep upright. While it may sound strange, resting or sleeping sitting up rather than lying down can encourage fluid in your ear to drain. This could ease pressure and pain in your middle ear. Prop yourself up in bed with a stack of pillows, or sleep in an armchair thatâs a bit reclined.
You May Like: Will Amoxicillin Help Kidney Infection
Dangers Of An Unresolved Dental Abscesses
Leaving an abscess untreated will lead to serious medical complications in addition to severe pain. The infection will spread to other parts of your body, including your brain and nearby organs.
A dental abscess infection that travels to the brain is very difficult to treat because of the blood-brain barrier. Its also common for infections to spread into the sinuses.
An infection in your teeth or gums might indicate that you have heart health problems. Researchers believe gum disease is linked to heart disease and heart attack risk.
The infection can also spread to the surrounding bones. Facial bones are especially intolerant to infection. There is a high risk that bone removal will be needed to stop the further spread of the infection.
Even if you have a mild abscess, it can spread and weaken the bones, which creates problems in the future for your teeth.
An untreated abscess also poses a risk for tooth loss. Usually, a root canal and crown are enough to save the affected tooth. However, left untreated, theres a high likelihood your dentist will need to pull the tooth.
One of the most serious issues linked to untreated dental abscesses is . This is an infection in the bloodstream and it puts your entire body at risk.
If the abscess is not treated in time and it ruptures, the infection can spill into your blood and circulate throughout your body. and requires IV antibiotic treatment and long-term hospitalization.
Recommended Reading: Which Antibiotics Are Used To Treat Uti
What To Do If You Have A Tooth Infection
If you suspect that you have a tooth infection, see a dentist immediately. Theyll be able to assess the damage and suggest appropriate treatment for it.
Sometimes, the dentist wont recommend medication. Instead, theyll drain or remove the infected area, extract the tooth, or perform a root canal.
However, if the infection is severe or spreading, the only way to treat the tooth infection is with antibiotics.
Diagnosis Of A Periodontal Abscess
Your dentist can easily diagnose a periodontal abscess with a basic exam. This is a pocket of pus in the gums. You may notice this in any of the gum tissue in your mouth. If you have any pain or swelling in your gums, call your dentist immediately. These usually cause significant discomfort. Patients may notice pain, bleeding, or a bad taste in the mouth. The are is often sore to the touch and swollen, as well.
Recommended Reading: Took Antibiotics For Uti And Still Have Symptoms
What Causes A Tooth Infection
Tooth infections are caused by bacteria that makes its way inside the sensitive area under your tooth, called the pulp. This can happen because of tooth decay , gum disease or a cracked tooth. The pulp has soft tissue, nerves and blood vessels. Bacterial infection may cause pus to build in this sensitive area. Symptoms can include:
- Bad tastes in the mouth
A tooth infection should always be treated. A tooth abscess can spread into the soft tissues of your mouth or throat. This can cause a more serious infection and can even interfere with breathing or swallowing.
How K Health Can Help
If you think youre suffering from a tooth infection, you dont have to suffer through the painor take the risk of an infection spreading to the body. Did you know you can get affordable primary care with the K Health app?
to check your symptoms, explore conditions and treatments, and if needed text with a doctor in minutes. K Healths AI-powered app is HIPAA compliant and based on 20 years of clinical data.
K Health articles are all written and reviewed by MDs, PhDs, NPs, or PharmDs and are for informational purposes only. This information does not constitute and should not be relied on for professional medical advice. Always talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of any treatment.
K Health has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We avoid using tertiary references.
Don’t Miss: Can You Flush Out A Uti Without Antibiotics
How Is An Abscessed Tooth Treated
Goals of treatment are to eliminate the infection and prevent complications. Treatment options include:
- Incision and drainage: Your dentist makes a small incision in the abscess to drain the pus. Sometimes a small rubber drain is placed to keep the area open for drainage.
- Root canal: This option helps to eliminate the infection and save your tooth. This common procedure removes the tooths infected inner pulp, and fills the space with material to prevent another infection. The inner pulp is important when the tooth is growing but once its mature, the tooth can survive without the pulp. After the procedure, your tooth should be back to normal, though you may need a crown to protect the root canal. If you care for the restored tooth properly, it can last a lifetime.
- Tooth extraction: Sometimes the tooth cannot be saved, and your dentist may need to pull or extract the tooth allowing pus to drain from the socket.
- Antibiotics: If the infection is limited to the abscessed area, you many not require antibiotics, but sometimes your dentist may recommend them to assist with your dental treatment. It is important to know, that while this medication may help fight off remaining bacteria, it will not get rid of the cause of the infection, which is the affected tooth.