Box 1diseases Caused By Chlamydiae
It is estimated that 40 million individuals worldwide have active trachoma caused by singular or mixed infections of Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Chlamydia psittaci . An additional 8.2 million have trichiasis and 1.3 million are blind as a result of ocular infections caused by chlamydia. Particular strains of C. trachomatis that cause trachoma are hyperendemic to regions of sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, Asia and parts of South and Central America however, the distribution and involvement of C. pneumoniae and C. psittaci strains in active trachoma cases around the world is currently unknown . Transmission occurs through both direct and indirect contact, and roughly 25% of all individuals infected are children under the age of 10 years. However, serious disease and blindness is found in older individuals caused by cumulative scarification left by untreated infections .
Sexually transmitted infections caused by C. trachomatis are the most prevalent bacterial cause of sexually transmitted infections worldwide, and around 92 million men and women are estimated to be infected . The majority of infections are asymptomatic in both men and women, but if left untreated can result in a variety of pathologies, including urethritis, cervicitis, salpingitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and infertility .
Below are some ways to prevent chlamydia
How To Clear Chlamydia Without Antibiotics
Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. While we are unable to recommend any treatment not recommended by the CDC in the treatment of chlamydia there are some who have utilized alternative treatment to reduce infection but does not cure it. These remedies include garlic, turmeric, or dieting.
How Do You Know If Chlamydia Is Gone After Treatment
Your chlamydia symptoms should improve within a week of completing your course of antibiotics.
You do not need an immediate follow-up test to check if your chlamydia treatment has worked, as dead chlamydia bacteria may be detected 3 to 5 weeks after treatment, which would give a false positive result. But, if you have a rectal infection, you should have a test after treatment is completed.
If you are under 25 and have tested positive for chlamydia, it is recommended you take a repeat test 3 months after completing your treatment, to check you have not caught chlamydia again.
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What Dosage Treats Chlamydia
For people with uncomplicated genital chlamydia, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends a single dose of azithromycin taken orally to cure the infection.
Azithromycin comes in three forms:
- Regular-release powder
For both powder formulas, either you or a pharmacist mix it with liquid to take.
Always follow the directions from your doctor or pharmacist for taking azithromycin.
Azithromycin is taken as a single dose, one time.
It should be taken as soon as you receive the prescription. Azithromycin can be taken with or without food, however, the extended-release form is typically taken on an empty stomach.
If you take the liquid form, shake it well before using and use a dosing spoon to measure an accurate dose. If you are prescribed the powder, mix it with water according to directions.
Why Should I Have Treatment If I Have No Symptoms
If you are infected with chlamydia, it is essential that you take treatment even if you do not have any symptoms of chlamydial infection. Reasons for this include:
- The infection may spread and cause serious complications . This can be months or years after you are first infected.
- You can still pass on the infection to your sexual partner even if you do not have symptoms.
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What Should I Do If I Think I Have Chlamydia
If you think you have chlamydia, you need to see your doctor immediately and have a chlamydia test. You may have another STD with similar symptoms, and your doctor needs to know the exact STI you have so that you can get the best treatment.
Chlamydia tests involve collecting a urine sample or swabbing the affected area. Your doctor will send the specimen to a lab for testing to see if you have chlamydia or another type of STI.
If your test is positive for chlamydia, your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic immediately.
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What Are The Symptoms
Most women and men with chlamydia are asymptomatic meaning no obvious symptoms are present. However, they can still infect sexual partners.
Women may notice symptoms such as:
- an unusual vaginal discharge
- a burning or stinging sensation when urinating
- pain or bleeding during intercourse and
If left untreated, chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease . Potential infection and scarring of the fallopian tubes may cause infertility or pregnancy complications. Ectopic pregnancies are also a real risk.
For men, typical symptoms include:
- a burning or stinging sensation when urinating
- if left untreated, painful or swollen testicles.
Men also run the risk of infertility.
Additionally, both genders can develop complications such as reactive arthritis . This is where the urethra, joints and eyes become inflamed.
How Did I Get Chlamydia If I Didnt Cheat
A note from Cleveland Clinic
It can be embarrassing to talk about anything sex-related with your healthcare provider, including STI prevention. But your sex life is an important part of your health that your provider needs to know about to care for you. Not getting the treatment you need for chlamydia can pose serious risks to your health. Speak with your provider about getting regularly screened for chlamydia and other STIs to reduce your risks of complications. Practice safer sex to prevent the spread of chlamydia.
What Is The Best Chlamydia Treatment
The best antibiotic to treat chlamydia is doxycycline. If doxycycline cannot be taken, the second line choice of medication to treat chlamydia is azithromycin. Both treatments are over 90% effective and should only be taken if you, or a recent sexual partner, has tested positive for chlamydia.
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Chlamydial Infection Among Adolescents And Adults
Chlamydial infection is the most frequently reported bacterial infectious disease in the United States, and prevalence is highest among persons aged 24 years . Multiple sequelae can result from C. trachomatis infection among women, the most serious of which include PID, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Certain women who receive a diagnosis of uncomplicated cervical infection already have subclinical upper genital tract infection.
Asymptomatic infection is common among both men and women. To detect chlamydial infection, health care providers frequently rely on screening tests. Annual screening of all sexually active women aged < 25 years is recommended, as is screening of older women at increased risk for infection . In a community-based cohort of female college students, incident chlamydial infection was also associated with BV and high-risk HPV infection . Although chlamydia incidence might be higher among certain women aged 25 years in certain communities, overall, the largest proportion of infection is among women aged < 25 years .
Get Retested Following Treatment
Many people have more than one chlamydia infection. If youre a girl or woman and your sex partners are not treated for the infection, you will be at high risk for reinfection. Repeated infections with chlamydia make it much more likely that your ability to have children will be affected. Repeated infections also raise your risk of painful complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease.
Both women and men with chlamydia should be retested about three months after they are first diagnosed and treated. Go to be retested even if you think your sex partners were successfully treated.
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Antibiotics For Chlamydia And Gonorrhea
At times, an individual infected with gonorrhea also suffers from Chlamydia which is also a sexually transmitted disease. The bacterium causing Chlamydia is also responsible for infections of the eyes in humans. Aside from the infections it causes to man, they also pose harm to species of birds and a number of livestock.
The antibiotics used to treat both gonorrhea and Chlamydia kills the bacteria in the body but should be prescribed by a doctor after a positive diagnosis of gonorrhea through a test. However, antibiotics are not enough but it should be accompanied with abstinence of any form of sexual contact for a period of at least 7 days to prevent complications. If antibiotics are given to cure pregnant women, the disease can be prevented from being transmitted to the unborn child.
Strictly following the instructions of the doctor in taking the dosage of antibiotics can lead to completely curing the disease. Unfortunately, it has been found out that some strains of pathogens have become resistant to antibiotics making killing the bacteria impossible. Some of these drugs are quinolines, tetracycline, penicillin and sulfa drugs.
Today, since gonorrhea is accompanied by Chlamydia infection, the type of treatment given to the person should address both diseases. A person receiving antibiotics should be careful not to miss the doses, because if he fails to do so, the whole treatment procedure becomes useless.
How Is Chlamydia Treated
Chlamydia can be cleared up with antibiotics in about a week or two. But dont stop taking your medication just because your symptoms improve. Ask your provider about what follow-up is needed to be sure your infection is gone after youve finished taking your medicine.
Part of your treatment should also include avoiding sexual activities that could cause you to get re-infected and ensuring that any sexual partners who may be infected also get treatment. You should:
- Abstain from sex until your infection has cleared up. Starting treatment doesnt mean that youre in the clear. Take all your medication as your provider directs, and avoid all sexual contact in the meantime.
- Contact all sexual partners. Tell any sexual partners from the last 3 months that youre infected so that they can get tested, too.
- Get tested for other STIs . Its common to have multiple STIs, and its important to receive treatment thats tailored to each infection.
Antibiotics can get rid of your infection, but they cant reverse any harm the bacteria may have caused to your body before treatment. This is why its so important to get screened regularly for chlamydia, to see your provider at the first sign of symptoms, and get treatment immediately if youre infected.
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What Is The Concern About Antibiotic Resistance
A major concern that has been raised about STI prophylaxis is the risk that increased antibiotic use could lead to antibiotic resistance.1,16 Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria mutate so that the antibiotics that are used to treat or prevent bacterial infections dont work anymore. The more antibiotics people in a population take, the more likely it is that drug-resistant strains of bacteria will develop. Once a person has a resistant strain of a bacterium, that strain can then be passed to others. This is a major threat to public health, because many of the illnesses that are currently considered easily treatable with antibiotics could become life threatening if current treatments stop working.17
When Should I See My Healthcare Provider
When it comes to chlamydia, its a good idea to be proactive. Speak with your healthcare provider about your risks of infection. Make a plan to get screened regularly for STIs based on your providers recommendations for how often you should be tested. Make an appointment with your healthcare provider if your partner tests positive for chlamydia or if you notice any signs or symptoms that you may be infected.
Complementary And Alternative Medicine
If you have a viral STD, talk to your healthcare provider or pharmacist before taking any herbal medicines or nutritional supplements to ensure doing so is safe given any other medications you may be taking.
There are a few complementary treatments that are being explored for the treatment of certain viral STDs:
- Herpes: Propolis, a sticky substance bees produce from tree sap, is found to speed the healing of herpes lesions. Algae extract is being studied as a possible herpes treatment. Some people also find relief of herpes pain from acupuncture.
- HIV/AIDS:Medical marijuana may help with pain, reduce nausea, and stimulate your appetite. Yoga and meditation can help ease pain, as well as alleviate feelings of stress and depression that often come with an HIV diagnosis.
Why Cant I Repeat The Chlamydia Test After Ive Taken My Treatment To Check It Worked
You can, but it takes up to 6 weeks for the test to go back to negative after an infection. If you re-test too early a positive result can be a sign of continuing or re-infection, but its most likely to be positive from the initial infection, so its not at all helpful.
If you are under 25 years of age, it is recommended to have a repeat test 3 months after treatment as a significant number of young people get repeat infections which are linked to an increased risk of complications.
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More On Sexually Transmitted Diseases At Thebodycom
To find out more about this topic, we recommend the following articles:
- Basic Questions and Answers About Gonorrhea
In addition, our Q& A experts sometimes address questions about gonorrhea in our Ask the Experts forums. Here are some of those questions and our experts responses:
- How long does it take?After taking the pill to treat gonorrhea, how long does it take to clear up?
- Chlamydia and GonorrheaI was treated for chlamydia and gonorrhea eight days ago. How long do I wait to have sex? When will I know if I have been cured?
Chlamydia Antibiotics: Azithromycin Vs Doxycline
A test was conducted on data between 1975 and 2001 to find and compare the efficacy and differences between Azithromycin and Doxycycline. The patients were randomly given dosages of either Azithromycin or Doxycycline in the prescribed quantities of one 1g dosage of Azithroymycin and two dosages of 100mg twice a day for a week with no patient getting both. The tests were conducted on 1543 patients for checking the microbial efficacy of the drugs and on 1717 patients for checking any adverse effects of the drug. Cure rates of about 98% were found out for both the Chlamydia Antibiotics proving the efficacy of both as equally compelling.
However, azithromycin is more convinent as it is just 1 dose antibiotic. Overall one dosage of Azithromycin has proved to be very impactful in comparison to the multiple dosages of Doxycycline.
Signs & Symptoms
Chlamydia is known to be a silent or asymptomatic disease and about 50% of infected men and 60% of infected women dont show any signs or symptoms initially.
Women are prone to be more asymptomatic than men. This means women generally show no symptoms and act as carriers of the diseases.
However women are at greater risk from long term complications and hence it is important to get treated.
Chlamydia in Women
Chlamydia in Men
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Natural Treatments For Chlamydia
According to an article in Alternative Medicine Review, the plant alkaloid berberine found in goldenseal demonstrates significant antimicrobial activity against viruses and bacteria, including chlamydia. Also, in a small clinical study, chlamydia of the eye resulted in no relapses, even one year after treatment with eye drops made from berberine. While the results of this trial are positive, it shows promise that goldenseal may be an effective treatment for chlamydia.
Goldenseal is a natural antibiotic used as an immune system stimulant. Researchers believe it limits clinical symptoms during an infection. When fighting an infection such as chlamydia, goldenseal pills or extracts can help. Four to 6 grams per day in tablet or capsule form is the typical recommendation, or 2 milliliters of an extract, 35 times per day. Do not use goldenseal for more than three consecutive weeks.
Widely used by generations as a remedy for snake bites, sore throats, colds, coughs, pain, and intestinal upset, Echinacea has also been found to be highly effective against STDs, including gonorrhea and chlamydia. To stimulate the immune system, the United States Department of Agricultures Natural Resources Conservation Service states that recent research recommends doses of 10 mg per kilogram of body weight over 10 days.
Is It Possible To Prevent Urinary Tract Infections With Diet And Supplements
It is possible to reduce the chance that a UTI will develop with dietary methods and some supplements but prevention of all UTIs is unlikely with these methods. Supplements such as eating cranberries, taking vitamin C tablets, and eating yogurt and other substances also may reduce the chance that a UTI will develop . However, as stated in the prevention section, changes in a personâs lifestyle may reduce the chance getting a UTI as good as, if not better than, any diet or supplement.
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Is Treatment Necessary For Chlamydia
It is conceivable that Chlamydia can go away without treatment in any case it is more probable that these contaminations will remain in the body until treated with the correct anti-toxin. Since you once get stuck by the disease, it is pretty hard to get things completely out of it. Chlamydia can be effortlessly treated and cured with anti-toxins. The main part that should be focused on is the diagnostic part of this disease, which means that if it is diagnosed properly, then the rectification part can be done and it can be treated and cured easily as it does not undergo too much complex procedures of treatment.
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