How Can I Treat A Gum Abscess At Home
Gum abscess, or gingival abscess, is a pocket of pus in the gum tissues caused by a bacterial infection. It should be treated by a dentist who will drain the abscess, clean it, and maybe prescribe antibiotics. As a stop-gap measure, the best home treatment for gum abscess is over-the-counter NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, which can effectively reduce both the pain and the swelling.
Dental Antibiotics For Tooth Infection And Abscesses: Types And Dosage
Are dental antibiotics for tooth infection always needed? Not necessarily. There are multiple ways to treat oral health problems without antibiotics, including root canals and fillings or tooth extraction.
In some cases, however, antibiotics can save lives. But the key is to only take them when you need them and always follow your healthcare provider’s exact instructions.
Keep reading to find out more about:
- Who can and can’t take certain antibiotics
- Usual antibiotics dosages
What Is The Best Antibiotic For A Toothache
A toothache caused by infection can be treated in various ways depending on the severity, location, and general health of the patient. In cases of severe infections that can’t be treated by root canal or tooth extraction alone, your dentist may prescribe an antibioticusually amoxicillin, or metronidazole in the case of a penicillin allergy.
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Rinse Your Mouth With Saltwater
Rinse your mouth with salt water to find temporary relief from the discomfort. It is an affordable and easy home solution. A saltwater rinse also works effectively to heal wounds and promotes healthy gums.
Take ½ teaspoon of salt and pour it into a cup of warm water. Rinse your mouth with this salty remedy and swish the solution for 2 minutes at least. Do this thrice a day.
Periodontal Abscesses: Affecting The Gums
Periodontal abscesses are more common among adults than children and are often a complication of gum disease. They tend to originate in the alveolar bone and periodontium. Gum disease or injury can cause teeth to become loose and/or inflamed, including the surrounding area. The resulting pocket that forms between the tissue and the tooth is vulnerable to infection by bacteria which can then form a periodontal abscess.
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Antibiotics For Tooth Infection
If your dentist suspects that your infection has spread or is at risk of spreading to other parts of your body, they may prescribe a course of antibiotics to keep you from developing a more severe and system-wide infection.
The antibiotics prescribed depend on the specifics of the bacterial infection, including the kind of bacteria present, the severity of the infection, and any allergic reactions you may have to medication. The most commonly prescribed antibiotics include:
No matter which antibiotic your doctor prescribes, its crucial to take the full course of medication precisely as directed, even if you begin to feel better. If you stop taking your medicine early or skip a dosage, you may end up creating a drug-resistant infection that will be harder to treat.
Although some natural and alternative remedies may provide some relief for discomfort, none have been proved to be safe and effective for the treatment of dental infections. If you believe you have a dental infection, seek medical care from a professional rather than trying home remedies, as these infections can spread and, in some cases, become life-threatening.
Do I Need Antibiotics For A Tooth Infection
If the dentist recommends antibiotics for your infection, its best to take them. They wouldnt prescribe them if it wasnt absolutely necessary.
However, before you take your medicine, you should get to know the different types of antibiotics dentists usually prescribe. This will help you learn what you can expect from them.
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Tooth Infection Treatment: Whatre Your Options
To treat a tooth abscess, your dentist will perform an exam and often take an x-ray to locate your infection and determine its severity and whether it has spread. Based on these findings, treatment options may include:
- Draining the abscess:Your dentist or healthcare provider will administer a local anesthetic and then create an incision in the abscess to drain the pus.
- Performing a root canal treatment:Your dentist will administer an anesthetic and then drill into your infected tooth to remove the pus collected in its interior. After they clean the area, they will fill, seal, and cap the tooth to complete the root canal procedure and ensure that no more bacteria can enter.
- Extracting the tooth:Your dentist may recommend extracting a tooth if it is too damaged to save. Once they pull your tooth, they will drain the area of any remaining pus to treat the abscess and relieve your pain.
In most cases, the American Dental Association recommends that dentists treat abscesses and other causes of dental pain with appropriate dental procedures and pain relievers, not antibiotics.
To manage your pain, your dentist may suggest taking over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen , acetaminophen , or naproxen before or after your dental procedure.
What Causes A Tooth Abscess
Anything that creates an opening for bacteria to get into the tooth or surrounding tissues can lead to a tooth infection. Causes include:
- Severe tooth decay: A cavity, or tooth decay, is the destruction of the hard surfaces of the tooth. This occurs when bacteria break down sugars in food and drink, creating acid that attacks enamel.
- Broken, chipped or cracked teeth: Bacteria can seep into any opening in a tooth and spread to the pulp.
- Gum disease : Gum disease is an infection and inflammation of the tissues around the teeth. As gum disease progresses, the bacteria gain access to deeper tissues.
- Injury to the tooth: Trauma to a tooth can injure the inner pulp even if theres no visible crack. The injury makes it susceptible to infection.
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Guidelines For Use Of Antibiotics In Periodontal Disease
The clinical diagnosis and situation dictate the need for possible antibiotic therapy as an adjunct in controlling active periodontal disease as the patient’s diagnosis can change overtime.
Continuing disease activity is an indication for periodontal intervention and possible microbial analysis through plaque sampling. Also, cases of refractory or aggressive periodontitis may indicate the need for antimicrobial therapy.
When used to treat periodontal disease, antibiotics are selected based on the patient’s medical and dental status, current medications, and results of microbial analysis, if performed.
Microbial samples may be obtained from individual pockets with recent disease activity or from pooled subgingival sites. A pooled subgingival sample may provide a good representation of the range of periodontal pathogens to be targeted for antibiotic therapy.
Plaque sampling can be performed at the initial examination, root planing, reevaluation, or supportive periodontal therapy appointment.
Antibiotics have also been shown to have value in reducing the need for periodontal surgery in patients with chronic periodontitis.
Slots et al. described a series of steps using anti-infective agents for enhancing regenerative healing. They recommend starting antibiotics 1-2 days before surgery and continuing for a total of atleast 8 days, however, the value of this regimen has not been well documented.
Interactions With Other Drugs
When treating Cefotaxime or Cefoperazone, simultaneous use of antibiotics-aminoglycosides, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , Furosemide and anticoagulants should be avoided.
The incompatibility of Clindamycin with such drugs as erythromycin, ampicillin, opioid analgesics, B group vitamins, barbiturates, calcium gluconate and magnesium sulfate has been identified.
Jozamycin is not prescribed together with other antibiotics, theophylline, antihistamines. In addition, Josamycin reduces the effectiveness of hormonal contraception.
Do not concomitantly use Doxycycline with antacids, indirect anticoagulants, iron preparations and alcohol-containing tinctures.
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Self Care Advice For A Dental Abscess
Food and Drink
You can reduce the pressure and pain of a dental abscess by avoiding food and drink that is too hot or too cold. We also recommend that you consume soft foods.
You should try eating on the side of your mouth not affected by the abscess.
Use of Analgesia
We would encourage the use of over the counter pain management medications but these should not be used to delay getting treatment. It is essential that you see a dentist as soon as possible. If you are having problems finding an emergency dentist then you can try the NHS 111 service.
When using any form of painkiller it is important not to exceed the recommended dosage. Please also bear in mind that many over the counter preparations contain the same active ingredients so it is better not to use combinations of painkillers without first checking with a healthcare professional.
You should use a soft toothbrush and avoid flossing the affected tooth.
How Long Do I Need To Take Antibiotics For
No matter which kind of antibiotic suits you and your tooth infection best, its crucial to complete the full round of treatment.Sometimes, your symptoms may improve after a day or two. However, if the dentist or pharmacist recommends that you take it for an entire week, dont stop.
Taking antibiotics even though your symptoms disappeared can help ensure that the infection is truly healed and wont return.
The only reason you should stop taking a form of prescribed antibiotics is if youre having an allergic reaction to them. Even then, you should consult your dentist before you make a switch.
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Treatment For Dental Infections
Although The Online Clinic is happy to provide emergency treatment for dental infections and abscesses, it is essential that you make an appointment with your dentist so that the actual cause of the problem can be identified and resolved. It is not wise to continue treating the symptoms with antibiotics on a long term basis, as this can make the situation worse by failing to treat the cause.
Serious complications can occur if a dental abscess is not properly treated. We cannot emphasise strongly enough that it is essential that you see a dentist.
Symptoms Of A Tooth Infection
- Severe, persistent, throbbing toothache that can radiate to the jawbone, neck, or ear
- Sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures
- Sensitivity to the pressure of chewing or biting
- Swelling in your face or cheek
- Tender, swollen lymph nodes under your jaw or in your neck
- A sudden rush of foul-smelling and foul-tasting, salty fluid in your mouth and pain relief if the abscess ruptures
- Difficulty breathing or swallowing
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Topical Applications And Rinses
Apply raw honey to your gums. Raw honey has actually been known to reduce bacteria, including the specific type that causes gum disease. It also has wound-healing properties that can soothe soreness or tenderness.
Make a paste with salt , ground turmeric and mustard oil and apply it twice a day. Yes, it sounds strange, but it is a combination that has been used for centuries in ancient cultures.
Salt creates an inhospitable environment . That is one reason that rinsing with a warm saltwater solution a couple of times a day can soothe your gums as well.
Have you ever had a sunburn that felt better after applying Aloe Vera gel? Well, it can soothe your gums also, but make sure you get the gel that is for oral hygiene. Rinsing with Aloe Vera juice is another option.
Lastly, medicinal herbal teas like ginger, cinnamon, or chamomile have soothing properties. So, make a cup of one of these, and sip slowly, letting the tea wash over your gums.
Types Of Antibiotics For Bacterial Infections
A dental abscess may spread to the jaw or to the orbital area of your eyes. If that happens, you can also visit an eye specialist to know the right antibiotics you need to take. As a matter of fact, it is essential to use appropriate antibiotics in each situation, even though antibiotics can help clear infection.
Usually, your dentist may recommend topical or oral antibiotics, depending on your condition. This is because various antibiotics work in different ways to eliminate disease-causing bacteria.
In any case, here are some systemic or topical antibiotics that can help treat infection in your mouth.
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How Is An Abscessed Tooth Treated
Goals of treatment are to eliminate the infection and prevent complications. Treatment options include:
- Incision and drainage: Your dentist makes a small incision in the abscess to drain the pus. Sometimes a small rubber drain is placed to keep the area open for drainage.
- Root canal: This option helps to eliminate the infection and save your tooth. This common procedure removes the tooths infected inner pulp, and fills the space with material to prevent another infection. The inner pulp is important when the tooth is growing but once its mature, the tooth can survive without the pulp. After the procedure, your tooth should be back to normal, though you may need a crown to protect the root canal. If you care for the restored tooth properly, it can last a lifetime.
- Tooth extraction: Sometimes the tooth cannot be saved, and your dentist may need to pull or extract the tooth allowing pus to drain from the socket.
- Antibiotics: If the infection is limited to the abscessed area, you many not require antibiotics, but sometimes your dentist may recommend them to assist with your dental treatment. It is important to know, that while this medication may help fight off remaining bacteria, it will not get rid of the cause of the infection, which is the affected tooth.
What To Do If Antibiotics Don’t Fix Your Tooth Abscess
The most common sign of an abscess is a severe, persistent, throbbing toothache.
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What To Do If You Have A Tooth Infection
If you suspect that you have a tooth infection, see a dentist immediately. Theyll be able to assess the damage and suggest appropriate treatment for it.
Sometimes, the dentist wont recommend medication. Instead, theyll drain or remove the infected area, extract the tooth, or perform a root canal.
However, if the infection is severe or spreading, the only way to treat the tooth infection is with antibiotics.
Using Oral Antibiotics For Gum Infection
If you are provided antibiotics in oral type, you will take them for 7 to 10 days.
Your dental professional likewise can place an antibiotic straight into the affected parts of your mouth. This is called local therapy. It can take numerous kinds, including:.
- Gel: Your dental expert injects a gel including doxycycline under your gums. The area is sealed and covered with an unique plaster called a periodontal pack. After 7 to 10 days, your dentist removes the plaster and any staying gel.
- Powder: Your dental professional squirts a powder including minocycline under your gums. The powder liquifies over 3 weeks.
Periostat is another kind of pill that sometimes is used. It consists of doxcycline at extremely low levels. It does not eliminate bacteria. Rather, it reduces the bodys immune-system action to the bacteria. This response is what causes gums and bone to become swollen and damaged. Minimizing the immune action helps to stop bone from dissolving. Patients typically take Periostat for 6 months or more to manage bone loss.
If your dental practitioner owns a dental laser, it will be used after root planing and scaling. The dental practitioner places the laser tip in the space in between your tooth and gum, then moves it around the whole tooth. This process begins from the base of each pocket. The dental professional can treat your whole mouth at one time. This will remove the bacteria in the pockets throughout your mouth.
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What Other Drugs Will Affect Penicillin
Before taking penicillin V, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following drugs:
This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with penicillin V. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.
How To Get Antibiotics For A Tooth Infection
You can get antibiotics for a tooth infection from your dentist or doctor, although dentists are preferable due to their experience with tooth infections. Antibiotics are not available over the counter you must have a doctor’s prescription.
Depending on your condition, you may be able to get prescriptions through an online dental consultation.
If you have antibiotics leftover in your medicine cabinet from an old infection, you should not use them. To properly dispose of your antibiotics, take them to your nearest pharmacy.
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Other Steps To Treat Gum Infection
Oral therapyIt is exceptionally essential that you take ideal care of your teeth and gums. Brush a minimum of two times a day. Brush for a minimum of two minutes each time. Floss at least once a day.
Take your medication precisely as directed. Take it for the full amount of time recommended. This reduces the risk that surviving bacteria will end up being resistant to the medicine. Preventing resistance will help to make sure that the medication works.
Local antibiotic therapyAfter antibiotics are placed, you might feel something under your gums, but it shouldnt be uneasy. Avoid flossing the treated teeth so you do not dislodge the medicine. Sometimes the dental professional will place a covering called a periodontal pack around the gums. If you get a periodontal pack, do not disturb it.
Your dental expert will examine you again in 7 to 10 days. She or he will remove the periodontal pack and any remaining antibiotic. After this, you can resume your basic brushing and flossing routine.
All types of antimicrobial therapyYour dentist will inspect you again after two or three months to see if the treatment helped. If not, the next step will depend upon a number of factors, consisting of the intensity of your disease. Your dentist may have to prescribe a various antibiotic. Or you may need gum surgery.
It is necessary to help keep your periodontal disease under control. You will need to make regular sees to your dental expert or periodontist. These sees can include: