What Causes Kennel Cough
Kennel cough refers to a group of diseases and can be caused by several different infectious agents, many of which may affect the dog simultaneously. The exact culprit is often not diagnosed unless the pet is not responding to treatment, the condition is more severe than expected, or multiple pets are involved.
A common culprit is a bacteria called Bordetella bronchiseptica but in the majority of cases other bacteria or viruses will be involved. Other bacterial causes may include Mycoplasma spp. or Streptococcus zoopidemicus. Viral causes may include adenovirus-2, parainfluenza, corona respiratory virus, herpes virus, and neumovirus.
It is important to note that the pets environment, as well as their own immune response, will play a role in development of the clinical condition, just as in humans when exposed to a cold virus. Not everyone that comes in contact with another person with a cold will get a cold but, if stressed or immune deficient, the person is much more likely to develop clinical symptoms. The same is true for pets. Regardless of how nice or comfortable a pet boarding facility, animal shelter, grooming salon or veterinary hospital is, these situations often create some level of stress. This is where minimizing stress as much as possible becomes important.
Add Honey To Warm Water
Honey can be a great home remedy for kennel cough as it can help soothe your dog’s throat and minimize coughing.
You can give your dog 1/2 tablespoon to 1 tablespoon of honey mixed with a little warm water in a bowl. This can be offered up to three times a day depending on how often your dog is coughing.
What Are The Clinical Signs Of Kennel Cough Other Than Coughing
Clinical signs may be variable. It is often a mild disease, but the cough may be chronic, lasting for several weeks in some cases. Common clinical signs include a loud cough often describe as a ‘goose honk’, runny eyes and nose, swollen tonsils, wheezing, lack of appetite, and depressed behavior. Most dogs with infectious tracheobronchitis will cough when the throat is rubbed or palpated, or during and after exercise. Often, the hacking cough caused by kennel cough will persist for several weeks after the infection. If your dog has kennel cough it is unlikely that they will lose their appetite or become lethargic.
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Prognosis For Dogs With Cird
For most cases of CIRD, the prognosis is very good. Most dogs do not even require treatment and recover on their own within 10 days. If pneumonia is present, much more aggressive therapy is required, but dogs typically recover if this therapy is administered.
A poorer prognosis occurs with dogs who have concurrent respiratory disease, such as a collapsing trachea or upper airway constrictions. Brachycephalic breeds with CIRD need to be treated more aggressively because their compromised airway makes them more prone to getting secondary bacterial infections, and they have a harder time clearing the infection.
As stated earlier, dogs with weak immune systems also have a more guarded prognosis. Puppies, dogs with immune-mediated disease, dogs on immunosuppressive drugs such as prednisone, and dogs with cancer are all more likely to require more intensive therapy and have a poorer prognosis.
Even though the signs are very similar regardless of the infectious agent involved, which infectious agent can have a significant impact on prognosis. For instance, untreated dogs with Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus can die.
Dogs vaccinated for the CIRD pathogens have a much better prognosis. Vaccination does not completely prevent infection in most cases, but it can dramatically reduce the duration and severity of disease.
Efficacy Of Doxycycline For Kennel Cough
Doxycycline is available in the form of a liquid, pill, or capsule and effectively treats the kennel cough bacteria, Bordetella. Doxycycline is one of the most used and trusted antibiotics by veterinarians in shelter settings and private practices.
There are some conflicting beliefs on whether antibiotics like doxycycline should be used to treat kennel cough preemptively or not.
Doxycycline falls within the tetracycline family of antibiotics. Tetracyclines are the most commonly prescribed type of antibiotics for treating kennel cough or Bordetella.
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Outlook For Puppies With Kennel Cough
How long does kennel cough last? Fortunately, most cases of kennel cough are mild and typically resolve in two to three weeks. A few cases, especially those involving mycoplasma, may take four to six weeks to resolve. A few cases are so mild that your veterinarian may not use an antibiotic. On the other hand, if your puppy does not improve or if he gets worse, then you will need to return to your veterinarian.
Kennel cough can sometimes progress into pneumonia, which will require a more aggressive treatment plan.
Unfortunately, some cases of distemper and canine influenza can look just like kennel cough in the early stages. Distemper and influenza are serious and potentially fatal viruses, and they could be the reason a puppy does not improve. Your veterinarian will look for signs of these two life-threatening viruses if the puppy does not improve with the routine treatment for kennel cough.
Can Chihuahuas Get Kennel Cough
There are many ways that a healthy dog can get kennel cough. One way is if they inhale aerosolized bacteria or viruses from an infected dog. The bacteria and/or virus can be spread from an infected dog through coughing or sneezing, and dogs can also get it from infected objects . KENNEL COUGH is a contagious disease that can affect any breed of dog, but is most common in small, toy, and chihuahua-type dogs. Signs of kennel cough include fever, coughing, and nasal discharge. Treatment usually involves antibiotics, and a dog may need to be hospitalized if the illness is severe.To help prevent kennel cough in your dog, make sure they are up to date on their vaccinations and keep their environment clean, including their toys and toys surfaces.
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Side Effects Of Doxycycline For Kennel Cough
Doxycycline side effects for dogs are pretty minimal and usually relatively mild. Many dogs will not experience any adverse effects. In rare cases, your dog may experience the following.
Side effects of doxycycline in dogs are:
All medications have risks despite how small or significant they may be. Always keep an eye on your pet when administering new medications.
|Possible Side Effects of Doxycycline
|Try offering antibiotics along with food. If stomach upset continues, consult your vet.
|Keep a bland diet of things like white rice and vegetables to combat diarrhea. If diarrhea persists, consult your vet!
|Lack of appetite
|Try offering your sick pet something delicious and nutritious they cant refuse. If your dog refuses to eat even the most delectable treats, it may be time to consult your vet with concerns.
Treatment Options Typically Include Antibiotics Pain Medication And/or Expectorant Cough Medication
Antibiotics are prescribed to treat the bacterial infection that causes kennel cough in dogs. Pain medication is used to treat the pain caused by kennel cough. Expectorant cough medications help loosen mucous and make it easier to cough up.
Because expectorant cough medications are not usually necessary in the treatment of kennel cough, administration of these medications should be done under the supervision of a veterinarian. An expectorant such as guaifenesin is generally given on an as-needed basis to help alleviate coughing.
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What Is Kennel Cough
Although commonly known as kennel cough, a more accurate term is canine cough as this highly contagious, airborne upper respiratory infection can be contracted virtually anywhere dogs are gathered. It is also known as Bordetella, canine infectious respiratory disease complex , or canine infectious tracheobronchitis. Kennel cough in dogs is usually not fatal, but it does cause symptoms that make an infected dog quite miserable. An outbreak of kennel cough can lead to animal care facility closures which is why pet boarding and dog daycare facilities, veterinary clinics, groomers, animal shelters, or locations where other dogs are present need protocols in place to help prevent its spread.
You Let Dogs Eat Spoiled Food
Your dog may be tempted to rifle through the garbage in search of a treat, but dont let them. Food gone bad is no healthier for pets than it is for people. Dogs who eat trash could get food poisoning or pancreas problems. Spoiled products may also have toxic mold, which can cause vomiting, severe tremors, seizures, and death.
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Antibiotics For Kennel Cough For Dogs
Kennel cough, or canine infectious tracheobronchitis, is a highly contagious bacterial infection that can spread through a dogs respiratory tract. The most common symptoms of kennel cough are coughing, sneezing, and nasal discharge however, it can also lead to pneumonia and bronchitis.
If your dog has been exposed to the virus or if you suspect that he may have contracted the disease, it is important to seek medical attention right away. If left untreated, kennel cough can be fatal in some cases.
There are several antibiotics that may be prescribed by your veterinarian depending on the severity of your dogs condition and his overall health status. The most common antibiotic used for treating this condition is erythromycin combined with tetracycline .
Kennel cough is a common disease that can be caused by several different types of bacteria. It is usually caught from other dogs, but can sometimes be spread to humans as well. The bacteria that cause kennel cough are highly contagious and spread easily through coughing, sneezing, and barking.
If you suspect your dog has kennel cough, it is important to get them treated quickly. Antibiotics for kennel cough for dogs are an effective way to treat this condition. Kennel cough may not seem like a serious illness at first, but it can lead to serious complications if left untreated.
Clavamox For Dogs Kennel Cough
If youre worried about your dog kennel cough and wanted to know How Clavamox Treats Kennel Cough in Dogs?. Then youre in the right place. Because, today in the following article, I would explain all the information about using antibiotic drugs for pets. Clavamox is an antibiotic drug, used to treat several types of soft tissue infections, urinary tract infection, periodontal disease, wounds, pyoderma in dogs, and cats. Due to its high efficacy, palatability, and acceptance by the pets, this is the first choice by the Veterinarians and Dogs owners to treat kennel cough or canine tracheobronchitis in dogs.
inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the trachea or windpipe
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Is Kennel Cough Contagious For Humans Or Other Pets
Kennel cough is highly contagious among dogs. If your dog has kennel cough, try to keep him completely separated from other dogs, both in the household and out in public, and isolate his food and water bowls, bedding, and toys as well. Wash your hands and clothes immediately after handling your dog or his belongings.
Kennel cough and its triggers are not usually contagious for humans, but there is one exception: bordetella bronchiseptica can be transmitted from dogs to immunocompromised people. However, this is extremely rare. Talk to your veterinarian and your physician if you or a family member have a compromised immune system dogs suspected to have a case of kennel cough should be isolated from compromised people until the infection has cleared.
Kennel cough can be contagious to certain other household pets, like cats. However, just like transmission to humans, this is highly unlikely. The most susceptible would be very young kittens and cats with severely compromised immune systems. If you suspect your dog could have kennel cough, isolate him from at-risk kittens and cats.
Lakeland Pet Owners: Symptoms And Treatment For Kennel Cough
As a pet owner in the Lakeland area, you recognize how important it is to pay attention to your dogs health and wellbeing. But did you know that your dog may be susceptible to a widespread illness known as kennel cough?
Kennel cough is the common name for a condition that is technically known as tracheobronchitis. This is an inflammation of the dogs trachea and bronchial tubes which leads to a serious cough. It can be caused by viruses, but it is most commonly caused by a type of bacteria known as Bordetella.
In the article below, well explain more about the symptoms and treatments of kennel cough so you can know more about what to expect if your dog comes down with this illness. Read on to find out more. If you have any questions or concerns, call Lakeland Animal Clinic at .
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What Is The Cost For Treating Kennel Cough In Dogs
The cost for treating uncomplicated cases of kennel cough tends to be low, as hospitalization and antibiotics are typically not required. Youll probably just have to pay the cost for a typical veterinary visit.
However, complicated cases can get pricey, as hospitalization, supportive therapies and/or medication, and additional diagnostic testing will add to the bill. The costs vary depending on your individual veterinary care provider as well as your location .
How Is Kennel Cough Transmitted
The environment and a pets immune system can impact spread of the illness but understanding how it is spread and what can be done to minimize disease transfer is also critical. Kennel cough, as with many other infectious conditions, can be transmitted through multiple routes.
Spread through the air.Kennel cough, as an airborne disease, is primarily spread through the air. When an infected dog coughs, sneezes, barks, or even sheds dander he releases thousands of microscopic contaminates into the air. The aerosolized bacteria and viruses can remain viable in the air for extended periods of time, even for weeks in some instances, and, although rarely, even longer. These virtually invisible pathogens cling to tiny dust particles, riding on air currents, and traveling throughout the environment until inhaled by another host.
Contact with contaminated objects .If an infected dog drinks from a watering dish, picks up a toy or stick, sleeps on a bed, and then another dog comes in contact with these objects, he will most likely be exposed to kennel cough. People, and their clothing, can also serve as a source of transmission if they do not disinfect their hands and clothing between pets. Bacteria, like Bordetella, can survive on surfaces for up to 48 hours, ready and waiting to be transmitted to another unsuspecting host to continue the cycle of infection. Exposure does not necessarily mean infection but it does open the door for a pet to transmit the condition.
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Other Signs Of Kennel Cough
In most cases, the only symptoms of Kennel Cough is the coughing itself, but further symptoms can include:
- A runny nose
A dog with Kennel Cough usually recovers quickly without treatment, but its always best to visit your vet to make sure it’s Kennel Cough they’re suffering from, and not another condition.
Diagnostic And Therapeutic Approach: Dogs Infected With Bordetella Bronchiseptica And Canine Influenza Virus
Laura A. Nafe, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVIM University of WisconsinMadison
Bordetella bronchiseptica and canine influenza virus are common causes of infectious tracheobronchitis and, occasionally, pneumonia.
Combined, these and other pathogens cause the canine infectious respiratory disease complex , often referred to as kennel cough or infectious tracheobronchitis. The multitude of bacterial and viral organisms associated with CIRDC are listed in Table 1.
In general, morbidity for CIRDC is high with mortality being low. Severe cases can result in life-threatening respiratory compromise due to pneumonia.
|Table 1. Bacterial & Viral Pathogens Associated with CIRDC1,2
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What If My Dogs Symptoms Get Worse
Kennel Cough can leave dogs vulnerable to secondary infections and in rare cases, may lead to pneumonia – particularly in puppies or older dogs with a compromised immune system.
If this is the case, your dog may need antibiotics or specialist cough medication. Contact your vet right away if you spot any of the following:
- Coughing continues for more than 7 days
- Your dog loses their appetite
- They develop a fever
- They contract other symptoms, or are not themselves in any way
Signs And Symptoms Of Kennel Cough In Dogs
Although kennel cough normally sounds like a hacking cough, the cough can sometimes be productive instead of dry, and you may notice your dog coughing up secretions or gagging on them. The cough can be triggered by excitement, pressure on the neck , or other similar activity. Some owners mistake the cough for something stuck in their dogs throat.
There may also be other signs, such as the following:
When dogs cough, infectious droplets spread through the air, infecting nearby dogs. Contaminated objects like food and water bowls, toys, bedding, and clothing can also spread the disease through direct contact. Exposure to the disease commonly occurs in places where dogs congregate, like boarding facilities, doggie daycares, dog parks, and grooming salons.
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How Do Antibiotics Help Cure Kennel Cough
Antibiotics for kennel cough work the same as an antibiotic used to treat an infection. The antibiotic kills the infection and stops the bordetella bacteria from reproducing or duplicating cells.
When this starts happening, youll notice your dogs symptoms gradually improve.
Thankfully, the kennel cough bacteria are very susceptible to bordetella antibiotics such as doxycycline.
According to some vets, treating kennel cough with antibiotics is a much more effective method of treatment because it prevents your pet from developing further infections and damage to their respiratory tract.