Complications Of Puncture Wounds
- Retained Foreign Object. This happens if part of the sharp object breaks off in the skin. The pain will not go away until it is removed.
- Wound Infection. This happens in 4% of foot punctures. The main symptom is spreading redness 2 or 3 days after the injury.
- Bone Infection. If the sharp object also hits a bone, the bone can become infected. Punctures of the ball of the foot are at greatest risk. The main symptoms are increased swelling and pain 2 weeks after the injury.
The Lamisil Terbinafine Antifungal Cream Treats Fungus All Over The Body
Sarah is a freelance writer with a focus on health and wellness. She has written for publications like Women’s Health, Healthline, and Parents. She taught creative writing for five years, and has a bachelor’s degree in English from Southern Connecticut State University.
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Verywell Health / Peter Ardito
Toenail fungus is a common fungal condition that often starts after a rash on the foot spreads to the nails. When mild, it looks like white and yellow spots growing under the nail beds. If left untreated, the fungus can grow severely by hardening the nails and spreading to other toes.
What Are The Antibiotics Commonly Used For Puncture Wounds
A puncture wound occurs once a sharp object penetrates the skin barrier. It is important to note that nails are responsible for most cases of puncture wounds, which most often occurs on base of the foot but can also occur in other parts of the body. When it comes to any wound, it is vital to observe proper wound care in order to prevent the development of infection as well as promote the healing process. It is best that you are prepared to handle any type of wound by enrolling in one of the courses on first aid today that focuses on proper wound care techniques.
Even though deeper structures such as the blood vessels, tendons and nerves can be damaged by the penetrating object, the most common complication is no other than infection. There are several factors that can increase the risk for infection including the wound depth as well as the presence of foreign objects as well as seeking medical care more than 24 hours after the wound was sustained.
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What Are The Symptoms Of A Foot Infection
An infected foot can be very painful, and symptoms largely depend on the cause of the infection. Common symptoms of foot infections include:
- Skin and nail discoloration The infected area may change color. If cellulitis has developed from an infection, it can cause redness or a red spotty rash. Toenail fungus can cause the toenails to discolor, starting as a white or yellow spot under the tip of the nail and becoming more discolored and thick or jagged as the infection worsens.
- Change in skin temperature The skin around the affected area may feel warm or hot to the touch, compared to the rest of the foot.
- Swelling Inflammation is a common symptom of an infected foot. The swelling can worsen or spread to the entire foot. It can also make the skin appear shiny or waxy.
- Secretion of pus or fluid An ingrown toenail can cause a pus-filled pocket under the skin which may ooze out. An abscess or ulcer can also cause pus and fluid in the infected area.
- Odor A foot infection can cause a bad odor, especially if it began from a wound or a sore. Ingrown toenails can generate odorous pus at the site of the infection.
- Blister If a foot blister becomes infected, it can cause warmth and redness to the area. The healthy clear fluid in the blister may turn into green or yellow pus.
- Fever If you experience a fever or symptoms associated with a fever, such as sweating, body aches, or lethargy, this could indicate a more serious infection, such as cellulitis.
Can Doxycycline Be Used For An Ingrown Toe Infection
Thank you for submitting your question. Ingrown toe nail infections are usually caused by staphylococcus aureus bacteria. We usually prescribe keflex or amoxicillin for this type of infection. However, doxycycline does have some effect on the staph bacteria.
What can do doxycycline hyclate be used for?
Doxycycline may be used in combination with other medicines to treat certain amoeba infections. Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic. It works by slowing the growth of bacteria in the body. How long after stopping doxycycline can I drink alcohol?
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How Do You Treat A Staph Infection On Your Toe
- As mentioned above, the best way to treat staph infection on her toes is to get as healthy as possible, see a podiatrist as early as you can and get as healthy as possible.
- If you need a podiatrist, you can give us a call in Michigan, and we can try to help. Otherwise, see the podiatrist closest to you or your primary care doctor soon as possible.
- It is not a good idea to try and treat staph infection on your toe, foot, or heel by yourself at home.
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What Are The Types Of Paronychia
There are two types of paronychia. Both types have similar signs and symptoms:
- Acute paronychia: Symptoms of acute paronychia appear over hours or a few days. The infection is only in the nail fold and doesnt extend deeper inside the finger or toe. Symptoms go away with treatment and last less than six weeks.
- Chronic paronychia: Symptoms develop more slowly than acute paronychia, and they usually last six weeks or longer. Several fingers or toes can be infected at once. A nail fungus may occur along with the bacterial infection. Candida is one of several types of fungi that cause toenail fungal infections.
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When To Get Medical Help
The American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons suggest that people seek medical help within 24 hours after they step on a nail.
Stepping on a nail can push debris and bacteria into the foot. Even if a person cleans the wound thoroughly at home, or the wound looks small, there is still a risk of infection.
Clinicians estimate that 10% of people who step on a nail will develop an infection. Signs of an infection include:
cause tetanus . Stepping on a nail can spread this bacteria to humans.
Wounds are the most common way people get tetanus. However, widespread vaccination has reduced tetanus infection in the United States by 99% since 1947, according to the U. S. Department of Health & Human Services.
All of these conditions are potentially serious. Tetanus can be fatal in two people out of every 10 who get it.
If a person who steps on a nail has not had a tetanus vaccination in the last 5 years, they should see a doctor right away so they can get a top-up.
Symptoms of a tetanus infection
Most puncture wounds are minor and heal with no further issues. However, if a wound is deep, has ragged edges, or contains a foreign object, it is more likely to develop complications. These can include:
Apple Cider Vinegar Soak
Apple cider vinegar is considered a folk remedy for a majority of ailments these days. And this includes ingrown nails. Apple cider vinegar is known to have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and pain-relieving properties.
However, scientific evidence for apple cider vinegar as a remedy to common ailments is limited at best.
You can try to treat an ingrown nail by soaking your affected foot in a bucket or basin of warm water mixed with a Â¼ cup of apple cider vinegar. Do this for up to 20 minutes daily.
Remember to always dry your foot thoroughly once you are done with the soaking.
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Identification And Classification Of Diabetic Foot Infections
Our methods for the identification and classification of diabetic foot infections have been described elsewhere. In brief, we used ICD-9-CM codes to identify diabetic patients who had any of the various codes that indicate foot infection during a VA hospitalization in FY2006. Some patients proved to have coexisting foot infections of different types. We reasoned that the most severe of these infections would determine the strength of association with such things as response to treatment, length of hospital stay, amputation rate, and other outcomes. Therefore, we ranked the infections in a presumptive order of severity and assigned the infection to the most severe category for which they had an ICD-9-CM code. Our presumptive order was Gangrene > Osteomyelitis > Foot ulcer > Cellulitis/abscess of foot > Cellulitis/abscess of toe > Paronychia. In the present study, we first identified all patients with ICD-9-CM codes for cellulitis/abscess of the foot and then sub-grouped them according to whether they had cellulitis/abscess plus codes for gangrene, osteomyelitis, skin ulcer, or none of these. If cellulitis/abscess was accompanied by codes for more than one of the foregoing 3 conditions, then we chose the one that was more severe. Figure is a flow diagram that shows the genesis of the study population. The ICD-9-CM codes that we used are given in the appendix.
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How To Treat Infected Toe At Home Without Antibiotics
May 2, 2016 by woundcaresociety
Infected toe is a common problem that occurs mostly in adults. This infection is caused by fungal infestation, ingrown nail, improper nail clipping, or calluses. Similar to other kinds of infection, an infected toe will be painful and may ooze some pus discharge. Various medications may be prescribed for promoting healing to an infected toe and most of these medications are antibiotics that limit the causal bacteria or fungus overgrowth. Some people find these antibiotics work very well to improve the conditions, but prolonged use of antibiotics can cause some issues to your health and thus, not recommended. Therefore, knowing how to treat an infected toe without involving any antibiotics will be beneficial.
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When To See A Doctor
If home remedies arent working or your toe infection is getting worse, its definitely time for you to see a doctor.
Existing medical conditions can put you at even greater risk. Its important to consult a physician right away if you have a weakened immune system or diabetes.
We take our toes for granted until they start hurting.
You can keep your toes healthy and problem-free by:
- checking them often
- keeping your feet clean and free of moisture
- trimming your nails carefully
Does Vicks Vapor Rub Help With Ingrown Toenails
Vicks VapoRub can help ease the pain of an ingrown toenail since it contains menthol and camphor, which are topical analgesics. It may also soften the nail if youre trying to clip it.
Should you squeeze pus out of an infected toe?
Do not try to use a needle to drain the pus from your toe. This could make the infection worse. While your ingrown toenail is healing, wear comfortable shoes or sandals that do not press on your toe.
Are You Confident Of The Diagnosis
What you should be alert for in the history
Green nail syndrome is caused by infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Patients likely have a history of prolonged exposure to water or detergents , or an ungual trauma.
Characteristic findings on physical examination
On physical examination, there is characteristic greenish or greenish-black discoloration of the nailfold with proximal chronic paronychia and distolateral onycholysis . A small portion of the nail may be involved or the entire nail itself. Most patients will only have involvement of one nail. On occasion, the nail adjacent to the primarily infected nail will have some secondary evidence of infection. Green striping of the nail has also been reported.
Coinfection with Trichophytan rubrum and Pseudomonas, a common occurrence.
Expected results of diagnostic studies
Diagnostic studies are typically unnecessary. Gram stain and culture of any exudates and/or ungual fragments may confirm the diagnosis however, culture can be negative, as the green discoloration may be found a distance away from the infected site.
A pigment solubility test might also be performed, by submerging a sample of the affected nail in 1mL of distilled water. The liquid will turn a bluish-green color within 24 hours if there is a present infection with P. aeruginosa. Woods light examination will occasionally show a yellow-green fluorescence, which is characteristic of Pseudomonas.
What is the Cause of the Disease?
Causes And Risk Factors
Based on clinical experience, ingrown toe-nails are thought to be caused by improper nail trimming or tearing nails off . Because of poor visualization or instrumentation, a barb is created that anchors itself in the soft periungual tissues and penetrates deeply as the nail plate grows distally. Force during ambulation, pressure from constricting footwear, and obesity drive the nail barb penetration and worsens its severity.2
Risk factors predisposing to development of ingrown toenails include anatomic and behavioral mechanisms. Some experts suggest that wider nail folds and thinner, flatter nails increase the risk of ingrown toenails,3 but this remains unproven. A case-control study with 46 patients found no difference in the anatomic shape of toenails in patients with and without ingrown toenails.4 Repetitive trauma or inadvertent trauma may be inciting factors.5
Without any strict evidence basis, it is thought that a genetic predisposition and family history,3 hyperhidrosis, and poor foot hygiene increase the likelihood of ingrown toenails.6 Diabetes, obesity, and thyroid, cardiac, and renal disorders that may predispose to lower extremity edema can also increase the likelihood.7
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Wear Comfortable Shoes And Socks
Shoes and socks that are too tight can crowd your toes. Improper footwear is a leading cause of ingrown toenails. To help prevent an ingrown toenail from developing or worsening, wear shoes and socks or hosiery that fit but still leave ample space in the toe bed. During the healing process, avoid shoes or wear sandals as much as possible to limit pressure on your toenails.
What Antibiotics Are Used For Ingrown Toenail
Ingrown toenails do not require antibiotics unless they have become infected. After infection, your doctor will advise you on the best antibiotic and how to take your medication. Some of the common antibiotics for ingrown toenails include ampicillin, amoxicillin, and vancomycin.
What is the best medicine for ingrown toenail?
Acetaminophen may help relieve ingrown toenail pain. Side effects are unusual unless you take more than the daily recommended amount of 3,000 milligrams daily or you take it with alcohol. If swelling is present, ibuprofen may be a better option because it relieves both pain and swelling.
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When Should You See A Doctor
A minor nail puncture may not require a visit to your doctor. But, if the nail or wound was dirty or the puncture is deep, you should see your doctor or visit urgent care. Theyll likely give you a tetanus booster shot if you havent had one in the past 5 years.
Regardless of the type of puncture wound, if you cant remember when you had your last tetanus booster shot or its been over 10 years, you should see your doctor for a tetanus booster. When necessary, you should get the shot within 48 hours after your injury.
Dont downplay the importance of getting an updated tetanus booster after stepping on a nail. This is especially important if your injury occurred outdoors in soil or if you believe the nail was contaminated.
A tetanus infection affects the nervous system and can be life-threatening. Since theres no cure for tetanus, you should take every possible measure to avoid this infection.
Signs of tetanus include:
- spasms and stiffness in jaw muscles
- neck stiffness
How Do You Get A Fungal Nail Infection
Most fungal nail infections occur as a result of the fungi that cause athleteâs foot infecting the nails.
These fungi often live harmlessly on your skin, but they can sometimes multiply and lead to infections. The fungi prefer warm, dark and moist places like the feet.
Youâre more likely to get a fungal nail infection if you:
- donât keep your feet clean and dry
- wear shoes that cause your feet to get hot and sweaty
- walk around barefoot in places where fungal infections can spread easily, such as communal showers, locker rooms and gyms
- have damaged your nails
- have a weakened immune system
- have certain other health conditions, such as diabetes, psoriasis or peripheral arterial disease
Fungal nail infections can be spread to other people, so you should take steps to avoid this if you have an infection.
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Treatments For Fungal Nail Infections
Treatment isn’t always needed for a mild fungal nail infection because it’s unlikely to cause any further problems and you may feel it’s not worth treating.
Whether you decide to have treatment or not, you should still practise good foot hygiene to stop the infection getting worse or spreading to others.
Speak to your GP or pharmacist if you’re bothered by the appearance of the affected nail, or it’s causing problems such as pain and discomfort. They’ll probably recommend:
- antifungal tablets tablets taken once or twice a day for several months
- antifungal nail paints special paints applied directly to the nail over several months
- nail softening kits where a paste is used to soften infected parts of the nail, before they’re removed with a scraping device
A procedure to remove the nail completely may be recommended in severe cases. Laser treatment, where a high-energy laser is used to destroy the fungus, is also an option. But this is only available privately and can be expensive.
You can reduce your risk of developing a fungal nail infection by:
Nail salon equipment can sometimes be the source of fungal nail infections. If you regularly visit a salon, make sure any equipment used is properly sterilised between uses.