Acute And Chronic Bronchitis
Depending on the severity of the symptoms, bronchitis is divided into two categories: acute and chronic. As usual, the treatment differs depending on the finding. Most of the milder acute cases requiring nothing but rest, while some will need to take paracetamol and anti-inflammatory drugs.
On the other hand, treatment for chronic bronchitis is more complex, often requiring antibiotics and, in some cases, even a lung transplant. For a better understanding of how these two types of bronchitis differ, let us take a closer look at each one below.
- Acute Bronchitis
Acute bronchitis is usually caused by either an extremely cold surrounding or other environmental factors. These can vary from tobacco to dust as well as other air pollutants.
If bronchitis follows a cold, it will manifest a few days after the first symptoms of the cold have surfaced. At first, the cough will be dry. After a few days, mucus will be produced when coughing. Acute bronchitis will only last for around two to three weeks, but a cough might linger afterward.
This type of bronchitis usually occurs during colder seasons, when 90% of the reported cases are associated with a virus. It can be diagnosed using a simple stethoscope, and the treatment is, as stated above, pretty mild.
- Chronic Bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis is caused, in most cases, by smoking or exposure to dangerous gas, the dust found in mine shafts, pesticides used in agriculture, or various harmful cleaning products.
Chronic Vs Acute Bronchitis
Bronchitis comes in two main forms, but both are marked by what doctors call a productive cough. That means that when you cough, you cough up a thickened mucus.
When you first develop bronchitis, you have the form called acute bronchitis. If the inflammation in your bronchial tubes lasts more than three months, though, youre diagnosed with the second form of bronchitis: chronic bronchitis. Youre significantly more likely to develop chronic bronchitis if you smoke cigarettes.
Assuming youre not a smoker, you most likely have acute bronchitis caused by an infection. That doesnt necessarily mean our SmartClinic Urgent Care team will prescribe antibiotics, though.
If I’m Taking Antibiotics For Bronchitis Or Pneumonia How Soon Should I Expect To Feel Better
Dr. Richard Zane answers the question: ‘Antibiotics Recovery For Pneumonia?’
Dec. 29, 2008 — Question: If I’m taking antibiotics for bronchitis or pneumonia, how soon should I expect to feel better?
Answer: Bronchitis and pneumonia are different things. Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi, which are the large airway passages that lead from your mouth to your lungs — and a pneumonia is actually inflammation and infection of your lung tissue.
The vast majority of patients with bronchitis have a virus usually caused by the common cold. And most patients with pneumonia may have bacteria as well but they can also have a viral pneumonia. When patients need antibiotic treatment, and again, antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections, not viral infections, patients should start to feel better in three to seven days.
Personal Stories About Taking Antibiotics For Acute Bronchitis
These stories are based on information gathered from health professionals and consumers. They may be helpful as you make important health decisions.
I was diagnosed with acute bronchitis after having the flu. Although I know people who have used antibiotics for this condition, my doctor told me that antibiotics would not be effective for acute bronchitis caused by a viral infection. She suggested I take cough medicine for my cough if necessary. This made sense to me.
Paula, age 26
I have asthma. When I was diagnosed with acute bronchitis, my doctor felt that because of the asthma, and my age, that I was at risk for pneumonia. He suggested a course of antibiotics, and I agreed.
Josef, age 67
When I was diagnosed with acute bronchitis, I thought I’d get some antibiotics and that would be the end of it. My doctor explained that this might shorten my cough by a day but really would do no more. One day is not worth the hassle and cost of antibiotics, so I just used cough medicine.
Theo, age 46
I guess acute bronchitis usually goes away in a couple of weeks, so my doctor suggested I treat my symptoms at home. But it’s been about a month and I’m still coughing and feeling bad. We are going to try some antibiotics.
Why Arent Antibiotics Recommended
Antibiotics are drugs that kill or prevent the growth of . Acute is usually caused by viruses, though, so wont help.
Many studies have shown that hardly affect the course of the illness. In the studies, antibiotics reduced the duration of the cough by half a day on average. But they also caused side effects such as diarrhea, nausea or a skin rash in about 3 out of 100 people.
The frequent use of to treat respiratory infections can also lead to the development of resistant . That can result in some medications no longer being effective against certain bacteria. So antibiotics arent recommended for the treatment of acute .
Some people have a higher risk of acute leading to more serious complications , for instance due to a weak immune system, a severe lung or heart condition, or old age. Treatment with may then be a good idea, in order to prevent complications.
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What Can I Do To Reduce My Risk Of Getting Bronchitis
- Don’t smoke.
- Insist that others do not smoke in your home.
- Stay away from or try to reduce your time around things that irritate your airway . Irritants can include dust, mold, pet dander, air pollution, smoke, and cleaners.
- If you catch a cold, get plenty of rest.
- Take your medicine exactly the way your doctor tells you.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Wash your hands often. Use soap and water. If you are not able to use soap and water, use a hand sanitizer that contains alcohol.
- Make sure you are up-to-date on the flu and pneumonia vaccines.
Using Antibiotics Responsibly: Our Commitment
At Atrium Health, we spread antibiotic education to our doctors through our Antimicrobial Support Network and patient care collaborative, which both work with doctors to make sure patients are prescribed the most appropriate antibiotics. The ultimate goal is to improve your care and safety.
About Atrium Health
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What Is The Strongest Antibiotic For Upper Respiratory Infection
Then, what is the best medicine for upper respiratory infection?
Some of the most common upper respiratory infection or cold medications used to treat these symptoms are the following:
- Acetaminophen can be used to reduce fever and body aches.
- Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen can be used for body aches and fever.
What can I take for viral upper respiratory infection?
How is acute upper respiratory infection treated?
- Nasal decongestants can improve breathing.
- Steam inhalation and gargling with salt water are a safe way to get relief from URI symptoms.
- Analgesics like acetaminophen and NSAIDs can help reduce fever, aches, and pains.
What is the best antibiotic for upper respiratory infection?
Antibiotics used in group A streptococcal infection are as follows:
- Penicillin VK
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Talk With Your Doctor If You Develop Any Side Effects Or Allergic Reactions While Taking An Antibiotic
In children, reactions from antibiotics are the most common cause of medication-related emergency department visits.
Common side effects range from minor to very severe health problems and can include:
More serious side effects can include:
- C. diff infection, which causes diarrhea that can lead to severe colon damage and death
- Severe and life-threatening allergic reactions
- Antibiotic-resistant infections
If you need antibiotics, the benefits usually outweigh the risks of side effects and antibiotic resistance.
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What Medications Are Used To Treat Chronic Bronchitis/copd
Drug classes that may be used to treat chronic bronchitis/COPD include:
- Antibiotics to treat worsening coughs, breathlessness, and mucus production caused by infections.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as corticosteroids , to reduce swelling and mucus output. Steroids can have many different types of side effects, including swelling in feet and hands, mood changes, increased appetite and weight gain, trouble sleeping, and more serious ones such as diabetes, higher risk of infections, osteoporosis, and cataracts.
- Bronchodilators to keep muscles around the airways relaxed so that airways stay open. There are long-acting and short-acting bronchodilators. Short-acting products are often called rescue drugs because they act quickly, but wear off in a couple of hours.
- Combination drugs that contain a mix of steroids and long- or short-acting bronchodilators
Antibiotics And Its Role In Treating Bronchitis
While bronchitis is not usually caused by a bacterial infection, there are also times that this happens. In these certain situations, a physician will prescribe antibiotics for treatment. Antibiotics are strong drugs used in treating and preventing bacteria from infecting the body.
Antibiotics have changed modern medicine. Before the discovery of antibiotics, infections were treated very primitively, using mixtures of plants and even molds to try and cure bacterial diseases.
In the 20th century, however, scientists like Alexander Fleming, Ernst Chain, and Howard Florey discovered and produced penicillin G. The medical community instantly recognized the revolutionary effects possessed by antibiotics and have even awarded the three with a Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1945.
Nowadays, antibiotics are widely available and used in many forms of administration and treatments. For bacterial bronchitis, the physician will usually prescribe tablets that are to be administered orally. The dosage depends on the seriousness of the symptoms.
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Taking Nutrition And Dietary Supplements
There is some evidence that supplements may benefit people with bronchitis. People should get advice from a healthcare provider when considering supplements. Some supplements interact with medicines or have side effects.
N-acetylcysteine is a derivative of the amino acid L-cysteine. One review found that NAC could help prevent sudden worsening of chronic bronchitis symptoms.
Probiotics are live microorganisms. When consumed as food or supplements, they are thought to maintain or restore beneficial bacteria in the digestive tract.
What Should You Do If You Have Acute Bronchitis
What should you do if you have acute bronchitis? Do not smoke cigarettes and avoid exposure to secondhand smoke and other airborne irritants. Acute bronchitis usually goes away on its own, but you should consult your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms: frequent episodes of acute bronchitis
Do you need to see a doctor if you have bronchitis? Since some cases of acute bronchitis are caused by the flu virus, your doctor may prescribe antiviral medications for you if the flu virus is suspected as a cause. Bronchitis can lead to pneumonia and other complications, so its important to stay on top of your care and to seek medical support, if needed.
How long does acute bronchitis last in an infant? Acute bronchitis can occur in people of any age, although its not common in infants. Acute bronchitis usually lasts from 10 to 14 days, but some symptoms may last longer.
What causes acute bronchitis and is it contagious? Causes of acute bronchitis. Lung irritants or infections are the likely cause of acute bronchitis. Smoking tobacco may also worsen bronchitis symptoms however, when smoking is considered a potential cause of acute bronchitis, the condition is not considered contagious.
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What Else Do You Need To Make Your Decision
Check the facts
- Sorry, that’s not right. Antibiotics kill bacteria or slow or stop their growth. But since acute bronchitis is most often caused by a virus and not by bacteria, antibiotics don’t work very well to treat it.
- You’re right. Antibiotics kill bacteria or slow or stop their growth. But since acute bronchitis is most often caused by a virus and not by bacteria, antibiotics don’t work very well to treat it.
- It may help to go back and read “Get the Facts.” Antibiotics kill or slow bacteria. But since acute bronchitis is most often caused by a virus, antibiotics aren’t the best treatment for it.
- You’re right. Most cases of acute bronchitis go away in 2 to 3 weeks. Home treatment to relieve symptoms is usually all that you need.
- Sorry, that’s not right. Most cases of acute bronchitis go away in 2 to 3 weeks. Home treatment to relieve symptoms is usually all that you need.
- It may help to go back and read “Get the Facts.” Most cases of acute bronchitis go away in 2 to 3 weeks. Home treatment to relieve symptoms is usually all that’s needed.
- You’re right. Antibiotics may help people who have acute bronchitis and other health problems, such as COPD or asthma.
- Sorry, that’s not right. Antibiotics may be useful in treating people who have acute bronchitis and other health problems, such as COPD or asthma.
- It may help to go back and read “Get the Facts.” Antibiotics may help people who have acute bronchitis and other health problems, such as COPD or asthma.
What Matters Most To You
Your personal feelings are just as important as the medical facts. Think about what matters most to you in this decision, and show how you feel about the following statements.
Reasons to take antibiotics
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Data Collection And Analysis
Selection of studies
One review author evaluated the titles and abstracts of the identified citations and applied the inclusion criteria. We obtained the full papers of trials deemed potentially relevant for further examination. Two review authors screened the fulltext papers to determine if they met the inclusion criteria. We discarded reports that were clearly irrelevant. We recorded studies that did not fulfil the inclusion criteria along with the reasons for their exclusion in the Characteristics of excluded studies table..
Data extraction and management
Two or more review authors independently extracted data using a data collection form designed for this review. Any disagreements were resolved by discussion between the review authors. We transferred data into Review Manager 5 .
Assessment of risk of bias in included studies
Two review authors evaluated the methodological quality of each trial using Risk of Bias domains recommended in the Cochrane Handook as outlined in Figure 1 and Figure 2. Disagreements were resolved by consensus.
‘Risk of bias’ graph: review authors’ judgements about each methodological quality item presented as percentages across all included studies.
Measures of treatment effect
The effect measures of choice were risk ratio for categorical outcomes and mean difference for continuous data.
Unit of analysis issues
Dealing with missing data
Assessment of heterogeneity
Assessment of reporting biases
What Is The Best Medication For Bronchitis
The best medication for bronchitis depends on patients medical conditions, medical history, and medications they may already be taking that could interact with bronchitis medication as well as response to treatment. Talk to your doctor about which medication is safe for you.
|Best medications for bronchitis|
|10 mg tablet once a day||It calms the histamine reaction your body has when exposed to an allergen.||Headache, fatigue|
Dosage is determined by your doctor based on your medical condition, response to treatment, age, and weight. Other possible side effects exist. This is not a complete list.
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How Long Youll Take Them
Whenever youre prescribed antibiotics, you need to take the full course of drugs, anywhere from seven to 14 days. You need to continue taking them even if you start feeling better before the course is done.
If you stop taking the antibiotic before finishing every dose, the bacteria may come back stronger and resistant to the drugmeaning that type of antibiotic may no longer help your body fight off that infection.
Which Medications Can Help Relieve Other Symptoms
Especially in the early stage of acute , other symptoms like headaches, a sore throat, an earache or joint pain may be caused by the cold or flu viruses. These symptoms can then be treated using pain-relieving and fever-lowering medication such as acetaminophen or non-steroidal .
Acetaminophen and NSAIDs, which include ibuprofen and acetylsalicylic acid , are available from pharmacies without a prescription. They come in the form of tablets, suppositories and syrups. Acetylsalicylic acid isnt suitable for children under the age of twelve who have a viral infection with a fever. This is because it can lead to severe brain and liver damage , although that is rare.
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