Monday, November 21, 2022

Best Antibiotic For Chest Cold

Antibiotic Use In Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

Best antibiotics for birds | budgie | cocktail | Java | Medicines for Cold Chest and Eye infection

ROGER ZOOROB, MD, MPH MOHAMAD A. SIDANI, MD, MS RICHARD D. FREMONT, MD and COURTNEY KIHLBERG, MD, MSPH, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tennessee

Am Fam Physician. 2012 Nov 1 86:817-822.

Patient information: A handout on antibiotic use is available at .

Upper respiratory tract infections account for millions of visits to family physicians each year in the United States. Although warranted in some cases, antibiotics are greatly overused. This article outlines the guidelines and indications for appropriate antibiotic use for common upper respiratory infections. Early antibiotic treatment may be indicated in patients with acute otitis media, group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis, epiglottitis, or bronchitis caused by pertussis. Persistent cases of rhinosinusitis may necessitate the use of antibiotics if symptoms persist beyond a period of observation. Antibiotics should not be considered in patients with the common cold or laryngitis. Judicious, evidence-based use of antibiotics will help contain costs and prevent adverse effects and drug resistance.

SORT: KEY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PRACTICE

Amoxicillin is the preferred treatment in patients with acute bacterial rhinosinusitis.

SORT: KEY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PRACTICE

Amoxicillin is the preferred treatment in patients with acute bacterial rhinosinusitis.

Best Cold Medicine For Runny Nose

A runny nose is one of the ways your body ejects irritants inflaming your nasal passages. A runny nose can also be inconvenient and feel a little bit gross.

If you take a decongestant for a runny nose, your symptoms will get worse before they get better as those types of drugs thin the mucus in your body.

Thats why diphenhydramine might be better for drying up a runny nose. Diphenhydramine is an antihistamine, which means it reduces your bodys natural reaction to irritants and pathogens. It also might make you drowsy, which is why its best to take this medication at bedtime.

What Do Cough Suppressants Do

Cough suppressants dont act upon the inflamed mucous membranes in the . Instead, they aim to suppress the urge to cough, so they are rarely used in the treatment of acute . Typical examples of suppressants include codeine and dextromethorphan.

Cough suppressants should only be used in the treatment of severe dry coughs, for a maximum period of two weeks. They shouldnt be used in the treatment of productive coughs: If the urge to cough is suppressed, the phlegm wont be coughed up and out of the lungs.

Besides, there haven’t been any studies on the benefits and drawbacks of cough suppressants in the treatment of acute . The few studies so far have only looked into their effects in simple colds, throat infections and sinusitis. These studies showed the following:

  • Codeine doesnt help in the treatment of acute chest colds in adults, children or teenagers. Children under the age of twelve generally shouldnt be prescribed codeine or medications that contain codeine. The same is true for breastfeeding mothers.
  • Dextromethorphan can somewhat soothe coughs associated with upper respiratory tract infections in adults only, at least for a short while after it is taken. People with lung conditions like or shouldnt take dextromethorphan. The possible side effects include dizziness and gastrointestinal problems.

Codeine has to be prescribed by a doctor, whereas medications containing dextromethorphan are also available from pharmacies without a prescription.

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Okay But What Types Of Cold Medicine Can You Take While Pregnant

Most medicines taken during pregnancy cross the placenta and reach the fetus, so it’s important to know which ones are safe, and which should be avoidedand what some natural remedies are instead.

The American Pregnancy Association recommends getting plenty of rest , drinking lots of fluids and trying some natural remedies. For instance, to reduce congestion, place a humidifier in your room, elevate your head during rest time, or try nasal strips. To soothe a sore throat, gargle with warm salt water, drink warm tea, or suck on ice chips.

As far as OTC medications go, the APA advises keeping the number to a minimum during pregnancy. Among the safest options for pregnant women are:

  • Acetaminophen can work for fevers, headaches, and body aches.
  • Expectorants , cough suppressants , vapor rubs , and most cough drops are generally considered safe to help ease a cough.
  • Anesthetic throat lozenges can relieve a sore throat.

Cold medicines that you should avoid, however, include:

  • Some pain relievers and fever reducers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen .
  • Afrin and other non-steroidal nasal decongestant sprays containing oxymetazoline.
  • OTC herbal remedies like Echinacea.

To be on the safe side, always get your cold meds approved by your pharmacist, doctor or midwife. Many docs advise staying away from all medicines during the first trimester.

How To Feel Better

Try these 5 Simple yet very effective home remedies to get rid of your ...

Below are some ways you can feel better while your body fights off acute bronchitis:

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Use a clean humidifier or cool mist vaporizer.
  • Use saline nasal spray or drops to relieve a stuffy nose.
  • For young children, use a rubber suction bulb to clear mucus.
  • Breathe in steam from a bowl of hot water or shower.
  • Suck on lozenges. Do not give lozenges to children younger than 4 years of age.
  • Use honey to relieve cough for adults and children at least 1 year of age or older.
  • Ask your doctor or pharmacist about over-the-counter medicines that can help you feel better. Always use over-the-counter medicines as directed. Remember, over-the-counter medicines may provide temporary relief of symptoms, but they will not cure your illness.

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    How Is Acute Bronchitis Diagnosed

    Healthcare providers can often diagnose acute bronchitis by taking a medical history and doing physical exam. Tests may be done to rule out other diseases, such as pneumonia or asthma. Any of these tests may be used to help confirm a diagnosis:

    • Chest X-rays. A test that uses invisible radiation beams to make images of internal tissues, bones, and organs, including the lungs.
    • Arterial blood gas. This blood test is used to analyze the amount of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the blood.
    • Pulse oximetry. An oximeter is a small machine that measures the amount of oxygen in the blood. To get this measurement, a small sensor is taped or clipped on a finger or toe. When the machine is on, a small red light can be seen in the sensor. The sensor is painless and the red light does not get hot.
    • Cultures of nasal discharge and sputum. Testing the sputum you cough up or swab from your nose may be done to find and identify the microorganism causing the infection.
    • Pulmonary function tests. These are tests that help to measure the ability of the lungs to move air in and out of the lungs. The tests are usually done with special machines that you breathe into.

    Why Are They Not Helpful

    If you have a sore throat, cough, or sinus pain, you might expect to take antibiotics. After all, you feel bad, and you want to get better fast. But antibiotics dont help most respiratory infections, and they can even be harmful.

    Antibiotics kill bacteria, not viruses.Antibiotics fight infections caused by bacteria. But most respiratory infections are caused by viruses. Antibiotics cant cure a virus.

    Viruses cause:

    • Most sore throats, especially with a cough, runny nose, hoarse voice, or mouth sores

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    Antibiotics Are Not Always Needed

    Most of the time, antibiotics are not indicated for use in treating the common cold or flu. A Cochrane report analyzing the available research into the use of antibiotics to treat colds, published in 2013, found that antibiotics do not work for the common cold, and side effects of antibiotics used for the common cold are common.

    White, yellow, or even green snot during your cold doesnt necessarily mean its a bacterial infection, so it isnt a reason to ask for antibiotics.

    Overuse and overprescription of antibiotics when they arent effective leads to the development of antibiotic-resistant infections. Not only is this a big problem for the entire world, but antibiotics can have nasty side effects for the person taking them.

    If you go to the healthcare provider with a cold, theyll generally treat your symptoms, including suggesting you:

    • Hydrate with water or electrolyte sports drinks
    • Rest and let your body heal
    • Suck on lozenges, hard candies, or ice pops to soothe a sore throat
    • Try antihistamines or decongestants for symptom relief
    • Use saline nose drops or sprays or a neti potstyle sinus rinse to help clear congestion
    • Take pain relievers and fever reducers, including Tylenol and Advil , to address those symptoms

    Treat Your Chest Cold With Rest And Fluids

    Antibiotic Awareness: Chest Cold (Bronchitis)

    GEHA | February 1, 2021

    This time of year, it is not unusual to have a cold turn into a nagging cough. Or a sore chest with general fatigue. These are symptoms of a chest cold, also called acute bronchitis. Although the condition arises quickly, it often lasts a short time as well.

    To feel better:

    • Use a humidifier or cool mist vaporizer
    • Use lozenges
    • Use over-the-counter medicines such as antihistamines, decongestants or cough medicine

    Acute bronchitis is usually caused by a virus and often occurs after an upper respiratory infection. Bacteria can sometimes cause acute bronchitis. In both kinds, the use of antibiotics is not recommended and will not help you get better.

    Symptoms of acute bronchitis include:

    • Chest soreness
    • Sore throat
    • Watery eyes

    Your cough may last for a few weeks. It should become milder and drier as the days go by. You may also feel tired for a while longer. The best way to treat bronchitis is with:

    • Plenty of fluids
    • A humidifier or cool-mist vaporizer
    • Throat lozenges
    • Over the counter medicine like cough syrup, antihistamines or decongestants
    • Chicken soup and your favorite shows to binge watch

    One thing you do not want to do with acute bronchitis is take an antibiotic. As the name implies, antibiotics work by fighting bacteria. Bronchitis is caused by a virus, not a bacteria. Therefore, an antibiotic has no effect on bronchitis.

    The best way to treat acute bronchitis is to steer clear of it in the first place. Stay healthy by:

      • 7 a.m.7 p.m. Central time

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    Other Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

    There are a few other reasons you might be prescribed antibiotics for an upper respiratory infection. Strep throat, medically known as streptococcal pharyngitis, is a sore throat caused by infection by streptococcal bacteria. It is usually treated with penicillin.

    Swelling of the epiglottis, the flap of tissue covering the windpipe, is potentially life-threatening, particularly in children ages 2 to 5 years. Called epiglottitis, this condition can impact breathing and is often caused by infection with the bacteria Haemophilus influenzae type b and should be treated with antibiotics, including a cephalosporin.

    If the cold leads to an ear infection, antibiotics may help resolve it if pain relievers and decongestants dont do the trick. Antibiotic use guidelines for children with ear infections differ based on their age and symptoms.

    Why Arent Antibiotics Recommended

    Antibiotics are drugs that kill or prevent the growth of . Acute is usually caused by viruses, though, so wont help.

    Many studies have shown that hardly affect the course of the illness. In the studies, antibiotics reduced the duration of the cough by half a day on average. But they also caused side effects such as diarrhea, nausea or a skin rash in about 3 out of 100 people.

    The frequent use of to treat respiratory infections can also lead to the development of resistant . That can result in some medications no longer being effective against certain bacteria. So antibiotics arent recommended for the treatment of acute .

    Some people have a higher risk of acute leading to more serious complications , for instance due to a weak immune system, a severe lung or heart condition, or old age. Treatment with may then be a good idea, in order to prevent complications.

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    What Antibiotics Kill Covid

    • There are no antibiotics that kill the SARS-CoV-2 virus, the virus which causes COVID-19.
    • Antibiotics work on bacteria to kill or slow their growth.
    • COVID-19 is caused by a virus so you need an antiviral medicine to slow the virus’s development.

    Click here for information on COVID-19: Treatments and Vaccines

    Treatment Of Chest Infection

    The Best Cold Medicine for 2017

    Although most chest infections are mild and improve on their own, some cases can be very serious, even life-threatening. A bout of infection of the large airways in the lungs usually gets better on its own within 7-10 days without any medicines. If you suspect that you have a severe infection of the lung , you should see a GP.

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    Best Antibiotic For Chest Congestion

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    What Can I Do To Treat My Chest Infection

    If you have a chest infection, you should:

    • Have plenty of rest.
    • Drink lots to prevent your body becoming lacking in fluids and to help keep the mucus in your lungs thin and easier to cough up.
    • Inhale steam vapour, perhaps with added menthol. This can help to clear the mucus from your chest. Never use hot water for a child’s cough, in case they get scalded by accident
    • Avoid lying flat at night to help keep your chest clear of mucus and make it easier to breathe.
    • Take paracetamol, ibuprofen or aspirin to reduce high temperature and to ease any aches, pains and headaches.
    • If you smoke, you should try to stop smoking for good. Bronchitis, chest infections and serious lung diseases are more common in smokers.
    • If your throat is sore from coughing, you can relieve the discomfort with a warm drink of honey and lemon.

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    When To Use Antibiotics

    Antibiotics are specific for the type of bacteria being treated and, in general, cannot be interchanged from one infection to another. When antibiotics are used correctly, they are usually safe with few side effects. Health care providers are able to assess each patient individually to determine the correct antibiotic, dose and length of treatment.

    However, as with most drugs, antibiotics can lead to side effects that may range from being a nuisance to serious or life-threatening. In infants and the elderly, in patients with kidney or liver disease, in pregnant or breastfeeding women, and in many other patient groups, antibiotic doses may need to be adjusted based upon the individual patient. Drug interactions can also be common with antibiotics.

    When I See Patients With Chest Colds They Usually Dont Need Antibiotics Instead I Tell Them About Some Simple Treatments They Can Do At Home

    Treatment for frequent cold, congestion and watery eyes in children – Dr. Vivekanand M Kustagi

    You probably know the feeling of having cold symptoms that move from your head into your chest. Many people call this a chest cold. The medical term for it is acute bronchitis. Bronchitis is an inflammation of the airways. Airways are the tubes in your lungs that air passes through. They are also called bronchial tubes. When these tubes get infected, they swell. Mucus forms inside them. This narrows the airways, making it harder for you to breathe.

    Acute bronchitis is usually caused by the same viruses that cause the common cold or the flu. In these cases, the virus may affect your nose, sinuses, and throat first. Then, the infection travels to your bronchial tubes. A bacterial infection or an irritant in the air can also cause acute bronchitis.

    The early signs of acute bronchitis often seem like the symptoms of a cold. That was the experience my patient Susan had. Susan is a 35-year-old woman. About two weeks before she came in for an office visit, she had started using over-the-counter cold medicine and saline nasal spray to treat a stuffy nose, a sore throat, and sinus pressure. Her sinuses had started to feel better, but then she developed the following symptoms:

    • Persistent cough that brought up yellowish-green mucus
    • Chest tightness
    • Wheezing
    • Occasional low-grade fever

    When these symptoms had not gone away after a week, Susan decided to make an appointment to see me.

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    Chest Colds Linger Longer

    Modern medical science has made huge strides in understanding and treating a wide variety of diseases. Yet surprisingly little is known about the common illnesses that plague us.

    That’s why Little’s study is so important, says Mark H. Ebell, MD, deputy editor of American Family Physician and associate professor at Michigan State University. He says the findings aren’t just a surprise to patients — they’re a surprise to doctors, too.

    For example, Ebell notes, doctors generally thought the cough from a chest cold lasted about a week. Surprisingly, Little’s team finds that these coughs last for about three weeks — and often last a month. And it’s also a surprise to many doctors that antibiotics really don’t help otherwise healthy patients with chest colds.

    “I hope this will educate doctors about the limits of antibiotics for treating cough,” Ebell tells WebMD. “It is very hard for doctors to learn the limits of their own informal observations in practice and to lean that sometimes the studies are right and they are wrong.”

    Top 7 Natural Antibiotics For Flu Colds And Coughs

    Overuse of antibiotics is a real issue these days resulting in, among others, gut damage impairing digestion and absorption as well as, paradoxically, also causing damage to our immune system located in the gut. Its estimated around 90% of the immune system is found in and around the gut.

    Fortunately, there are a number of herbs, plant compounds and foods that are beneficial natural antibiotics and antiviral remedies. These can be taken with no side effects often experienced when using synthetic drugs.

    They can prevent, lessen the impact and/or duration of bacterial and viral infections such as flu and colds, or simply keep you healthy throughout the cold season and during unexpected outbreaks of the flu.

    Here are a few examples of better known natural antibiotics and flu remedies for you to consider having in your home health kit.

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