How Do These Otc Medicines Affect The Brain
DXM is an opioid without effects on pain reduction and does not act on the opioid receptors. When taken in large doses, DXM causes a depressant effect and sometimes a hallucinogenic effect, similar to PCP and ketamine. Repeatedly seeking to experience that feeling can lead to addiction-a chronic relapsing brain condition characterized by inability to stop using a drug despite damaging consequences to a person’s life and health.
Loperamide is an opioid designed not to enter the brain. However, when taken in large amounts and combined with other substances, it may cause the drug to act in a similar way to other opioids. Other opioids, such as certain prescription pain relievers and heroin, bind to and activate opioid receptors in many areas of the brain, especially those involved in feelings of pain and pleasure. Opioid receptors are also located in the brain stem, which controls important processes, such as blood pressure, arousal, and breathing.
Take Antibiotics Exactly As Prescribed If You Need Them
Dispose of Unused Medicines
If your doctor decides an antibiotic is the best treatment when youre sick:
- Take them exactly as your doctor tells you.
- Do not share your antibiotics with others.
- Do not save them for later. Talk to your pharmacist about safely discarding leftover medicines.
- Do not take antibiotics prescribed for someone else. This may delay the best treatment for you, make you even sicker, or cause side effects.
Talk with your doctor and pharmacist if you have any questions about your antibiotics.
Bacitracin And Polymyxin B
Double antibiotic ointments and creams contain bacitracin plus polymyxin B. Polysporin is a brand name, over-the-counter ointment containing this antibiotic mixture 246. Many generic versions are also available. Like bacitracin, polymyxin B is used almost exclusively as a topical antibiotic 46. Polymyxin B is effective against many types of bacteria in the group known as the gram-negative rods, many of which are not inhibited by bacitracin 4. Therefore, double antibiotic ointments and creams offer broader antibacterial coverage than bacitracin alone 4. Similar to bacitracin, topical polymyin B can also cause contact dermatitis and, rarely, anaphylaxis 458.
Recommended Reading: Best Antibiotic For Nasal Infection
Types Of Antibiotic Eye Drops
Prescription Antibacterial Eye Drops
There are different types of antibiotic eye drops, including:
- Polymyxin B
Each of these has different action mechanisms. Not all of them will cure all bacterial eye infections.
For example, topical antibiotics often will not cure a stye. In some cases, two or three may be combined into a single formulation to treat an infection comprehensively.
Many types of antibiotics can kill streptococcal bacteria. Staphylococcal bacteria can develop a resistance to some antibiotics. In these cases, your doctor must select a stronger antibiotic.
Sometimes a topical or oral antibiotic may be necessary to treat your bacterial eye infection. They may be prescribed in addition to or instead of an antibiotic eye drop.
Topical and oral antibiotics used to treat eye infections include:
- Neomycin, polymyxin B, and bacitracin combination
Over-The-Counter Eye Drops
Antibiotic eye drops are not available over-the-counter. A doctor must prescribe them.
Over-the-counter medications are often used to treat symptoms of styes, chalazion, and other infections. They come in eye drop, ointment, or oral forms. They are available without a prescription.
Keep in mind, OTC medications do not cure stye or chalazion. They alleviate the discomfort and allow the problem to heal without interfering with your vision or daily life.
Ibuprofen is an OTC medication that can reduce inflammation and discomfort related to styes and chalazia.
Side Effects Interactions And Warnings
Most people tolerate both Bacitracin and Neosporin well, but a small number of people will be allergic to either drug. An allergic reaction can cause a rash or itching. In rare cases, both drugs can cause a more serious allergic reaction. This can cause trouble breathing or swallowing.
Neosporin can cause redness and swelling at the wound site. If you notice this and arent sure if its an allergic reaction, stop using the product and call your doctor right away. If you think your symptoms are life-threatening, stop using the product and call 911. However, these products dont typically cause side effects.
|Mild side effects
You May Like: Do Antibiotics Cause Weight Loss
Is Bacitracin Or Neosporin More Effective
A meta-analysis of topical antibiotics for the prevention of wound infections concluded that topical antibiotics were effective in lowering the risk of infections in uncomplicated wounds when compared to placebo or antiseptics . However, the risk reduction was minimal compared to placebo and antiseptics. The authors of the study suggested that because of antibiotic resistance, topical antibiotics do have an important place, and antiseptics can be considered an alternative to topical antibiotics such as bacitracin or Neosporin. Studies have not directly compared bacitracin to Neosporin.
Interestingly, a 1996 JAMA study concluded that white petrolatum is a safe and effective wound care ointment. White petrolatum has an equally low infection rate and less risk for an allergic reaction when compared to bacitracin.
The best topical ointment is the one that works for you with the fewest reactions. It is also a good idea to keep a tube on hand as part of your first aid kit.
Check with your healthcare provider if you have any questions on which antibiotic ointment is better for you, especially if you have a history of allergies to topical antibiotics or if your wound is deep or oozing, meaning that it could already be infected.
What Are Some Of The Commonly Misused Otc Medicines
There are two OTC medicines that are most commonly misused.
Dextromethorphan is a cough suppressant found in many OTC cold medicines. The most common sources of abused DXM are “extra-strength” cough syrup, tablets and gel capsules. OTC medications that contain DXM often also contain antihistamines and decongestants. DXM may be swallowed in its original form or may be mixed with soda for flavor, called “robo-tripping” or “skittling.” Users sometimes inject it. These medicines are often misused in combination with other drugs, such as alcohol and marijuana.
Loperamide is an anti-diarrheal that is available in tablet, capsule, or liquid form. When misusing loperamide, people swallow large quantities of the medicine. It is unclear how often this drug is misused.
You May Like: Can Antibiotics Cause Blood In Stool In Dogs
Antibiotics Over The Counter
Tessa Chatham Registered Nurse
Tessa Chatham Registered Nurse
Tessa is a MSN prepared Registered Nurse with 10 years of critical care experience in healthcare. When not practicing clinical nursing, she enjoys academic writing and is passionate about helping those affected by medical aliments live healthy lives.
Dr. Maria Glukhovsky
Dr. Maria Glukhovsky
Dr. Maria Glukhovsky, Pharm.D. has been a pharmacist for thepast 12 years, clinical educator across many disease states and aclinical instructor at Jefferson School of Pharmacy. She loves toeducate her patients and everyone around her on the proper useof medications and top disease management techniques to improve health and wellbeing.
Bacitracin Vs Neosporin: Differences Similarities And Which Is Better For You
A minor cut or scrape can be more than an annoyanceit could turn into an infection. You may want to have a topical antibiotic ointment on hand as part of your first aid kit.
Bacitracin and Neosporin are over-the-counter antibiotic ointments used to prevent infection of minor skin injuries such as cuts, scrapes, and burns. Both medications are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration . Bacitracin ointment is available in generic form and contains only bacitracin. Neosporin is available in both brand and generic formyou may see it labeled as triple antibiotic ointment. Neosporin contains bacitracin, along with polymyxin B sulfate and neomycin, thus the name triple antibiotic ointment, because it contains three antibiotics.
Although both medications are OTC antibiotic ointments used for wound care, they have some differences, which we will discuss below.
Recommended Reading: What Probiotic To Take When On Antibiotics
What Are Antibiotic Eye Drops
Fungi, viruses, and bacteria all cause eye infections. Infections can be very contagious.
Antibiotic eye drops treat bacterial eye infections. They work by killing the bacteria causing the infection.
Antibiotic eye drops need to be prescribed by a doctor.
Common Eye Infections
The most common eye infection is pink eye, also called conjunctivitis. Its essential to seek medical attention for conjunctivitis because its very contagious.
A doctor will determine if you have bacterial conjunctivitis, viral conjunctivitis, or allergic conjunctivitis. This will determine the most appropriate treatment course.
Another common eye infection is a stye. Most styes do not require medical treatment, but some remedies can make dealing with one less uncomfortable. For example, your doctor might recommend a topical treatment or artificial tears if your eyes are dry and irritated.
Symptoms of eye infections include:
How We Can Help You
Information provided by Medicines Line includes:
- how a medicine works
- medicines during pregnancy and breastfeeding
- medicines for children
- storage of medicines
- how to obtain consumer medicine information for your prescription medicines
- referrals to reliable services and support organisations, e.g. support organisations for people with your health condition
- promotion of the quality use of medicines and provision of information that is independent, evidence-based, appropriate and safe
- encouraging responsible use of medicines by increasing public awareness about medicines.
In addition to receiving information, callers will be encouraged to discuss the information with their own doctor or pharmacist, who are best placed to help interpret the medicines information.
Information provided by Medicines Line does not replace advice from a doctor or pharmacist.
Read Also: Can You Drink Wine While Taking Antibiotics
Similasan Eye Drops For Pink Eye
img source: meredithcorp.io
Similasan irritated Eye Relief is an over the counter homeopathic eye drop for the pink eye which is good in relieving the various symptoms of eye infections including those of conjunctivitis, dry, gritty, watering, burning or stings eyes.
Similasan homeopathic irritated eye relief drops is good for symptoms of this infection that might be related to your environment or viral conjunctivitis. Generally, these Similasan does not sting, burn or irritate your eyes. Although it is an OTC if you intend to use it for young kids whose age is below 2 years, ensure a doctor has seen them first.
According to , Similasan products stimulate the bodys natural defenses by utilizing micro dilutions of natural active ingredients. This system of medicine is known as homeopathy.
Common Side Effects Of Bacitracin Vs Neosporin
Both medications tend to be very well tolerated. You may have mild skin irritation or contact dermatitis from either medication.
With either medication, seek emergency medical attention if you develop any signs of an allergic reaction, which include hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.
A rare, but very serious side effect of neomycin, which is in Neosporin, is hearing loss. However, it is very unlikely to occur with the topical medication. Notify your healthcare provider immediately if you notice any changes in hearing.
If the affected area that you are treating becomes very red, swollen, or is oozing, contact your healthcare provider.
Read Also: What Antibiotics Treat Gum Abscess
How Do I Choose The Best Over
Selecting the best over-the-counter antibiotic cream often means choosing one that kills the most common types of bacteria that affect skin wounds. To this end, many health experts recommend a triple antibacterial cream for minor wounds. You can also consider the effects of a cream’s inactive ingredients and whether they are likely to cause irritation or trigger allergy symptoms. Additionally, you may prefer a cream that includes a pain killer and has few side effects.
It is important to consider the inactive ingredients when you want to choose the best over-the-counter antibiotic cream. Some creams contain preservatives, fragrances, or colorings that can irritate your skin, even as they work to heal it. Before purchasing a cream, you may do well to research its ingredients and determine whether it is likely to cause a problem. This step can also prove important if you know you have allergies to certain substances. Researching a product can help you avoid rashes and itching caused by inadvertent contact with an ingredient to which you are allergic.
Why Trust Verywell Health
As a seasoned health writer, Jennifer Nied understands how vital quality product recommendations are for treating symptoms safely and effectively at home. For over 10 years, she has reviewed products, interviewed experts, scrutinized ingredients, and pored over research studies and claims, to help readers like you understand what works for your specific conditions. Every product in this piece was selected taking into account recommendations from doctors, published research, and real customer reviews.
Additional reporting to this story by Brittany Leitner
As a health writer with over eight years of experience, Brittany Leitner understands how important access to information is when it comes to making educated health decisions. She has interviewed dozens of medical experts, tested out hundreds of products, and aims to provide quality recommendations that won’t break the bank.
Don’t Miss: How Long Should A Uti Last With Antibiotics
What Are Antibiotic Ointments
Antibiotic ointments are medications that are applied topically on the skin to help kill bacteria. Healthcare professionals often use them to treat minor skin injuries such as scrapes, cuts, or burns. In fact, lots of people use antibiotic ointments to treat such minor injuries.
Using antibiotic ointments is one part of caring for skin wounds. Its also important to clean and sometimes bandage an injury. If youre unsure of how to properly clean and dress a wound, you should consult your healthcare provider.
The purpose of using antibiotic ointments on skin wounds is to prevent or treat infections that may happen when the skin breaks or is weakened by cuts, scrapes, or burns. Even though the medication is absorbed, especially through broken or burned skin, these products arent useful for treating infections that go deeper than the skin.
The OTC antibiotic ointments Polysporin, Neosporin, and bacitracin are useful for minor skin injuries. For some types of skin wounds, you may need prescription topical antibiotics such as mupirocin , metronidazole , or even oral antibiotics. Mupirocin is usually more effective than OTC antibiotic ointments because its better at killing bacteria that typically cause skin infections.
Steroid And Antibiotic Eye Drops For Pink Eye
These are prescription eye drops for pink eye made by combining one or more types of antibiotics and various steroids. It comes as a suspension and ointment. Steroids help in reducing inflammation while antibiotics will treat your bacterial infection. Generic steroid drops are also available.
The common steroids used include hydrocortisone, prednisolone, loteprednol, and dexamethasone while the common antibiotics used include tobramycin, bacitracin, neomycin, gentamycin and polymixin B. They come in various brands names such as Catapred, Blephamide, Poly- Tobradex, Pred-G, Isopto, Pred, Zylet among many others.
You need to use these drops 1-3 times a day and if you get the ointment, you need to apply a half an inch 3-4 times a day. There is not sufficient studies to support the use of this medication during pregnancy.
Similarly, lactating mothers are only limited to using steroids containing medication since it gets secreted in milk when they take pills or have injections. There are no adequate studies on the effect when used on your eyes.
Side effects include swelling, redness, irritation, and itching on your eyes. Rare side effects include cataract formation, optic nerve damages as well as glaucoma.
Also Check: Antibiotic Treatment For Abscess Tooth
How To Use Over The Counter Antibiotics To Safely Treat Chlamydia
It is not a sin or wrong to go for Chlamydia over the counter antibioticsbut our major concern is your safety and using it more effectively. Do not ignore your doctors instructions when using your prescribe drug. Always go for the label if you must buy from the counter. Make sure you check
When To Use Antibiotics
Antibiotics are specific for the type of bacteria being treated and, in general, cannot be interchanged from one infection to another. When antibiotics are used correctly, they are usually safe with few side effects. Health care providers are able to assess each patient individually to determine the correct antibiotic, dose and length of treatment.
However, as with most drugs, antibiotics can lead to side effects that may range from being a nuisance to serious or life-threatening. In infants and the elderly, in patients with kidney or liver disease, in pregnant or breastfeeding women, and in many other patient groups, antibiotic doses may need to be adjusted based upon the individual patient. Drug interactions can also be common with antibiotics.
Don’t Miss: How Can You Get Antibiotics
Bacitracin: What To Know
How to use: Clean the skin injury area. Apply a small amount on the wound 1 to 3 times daily. Cover the area with a sterile bandage if needed.
Average retail cost: $5.39 for a 1 oz tube
Reasons to avoid: severe wounds, allergy to bacitracin or any inactive ingredient in the ointment
Do I Need A Prescription For Antibiotics
There are many topical antibiotic creams used for minor cuts, scrapes and burns that do not require a prescription. If you are looking for oral antibiotics you will need a prescription from a doctor.
Oral antibiotics are prescribed to either treat or prevent an infection. If being used to prevent infection, once it is clear that there is no infection, the antibiotic should be discontinued as directed by your physician
However, if a known source of infection is confirmed, then antibiotic treatment should be completed for the full course of antibiotic therapy.
Read Also: Yeast Infection While On Antibiotics